Now showing items 90-109 of 138

    • Peirce’s classification of the sciences 

      Midtgarden, Torjus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      This article considers Charles Peirce’s classification of the sciences from shortly after the turn of the 20th Century. The classification has two main sources of inspiration: Comte’s science classification and Kant’s ...
    • Pollinator conservation requires a stronger and broader application of the precautionary principle 

      Drivdal, Laura Elisabet; van der Sluijs, Jeroen P (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The accumulating scientific evidence on global insect and pollinator decline is fuelling calls for pollinator conservation policies. A broad range of regulating and incentivising policies is undoubtedly needed to address ...
    • Precise Yet Uncertain: Broadening Understandings of Uncertainty and Policy in the BPA Controversy 

      Torres, Dafne Lemus; Kovacic, Zora (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Bisphenol A (BPA) is one of the most studied and most controversial chemicals used by the food packaging industry, because of its endocrine disruptive properties. Part of the controversy is due to the uncertainty that ...
    • Privacy engineering and the techno-regulatory imaginary 

      Rommetveit, Kjetil; van Dijk, Niels (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      The European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), in force since 2018, has introduced design-based approaches to data protection and the governance of privacy. In this article we describe the emergence of the ...
    • Quality Assessment in Co-developing Climate Services in Norway and the Netherlands 

      Bremer, Scott; Wardekker, Arjan; Jensen, Elisabeth Schøyen; van der Sluijs, Jeroen P (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Climate services, and research on climate services, have mutually developed over the past 20 years, with quality assessment a central issue for orienting both practitioners and researchers. However, quality assessment is ...
    • Quantitative Storytelling in the Making of a Composite Indicator 

      Kuc‑Czarnecka, Marta; Lo Piano, Samuele; Saltelli, Andrea (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The reasons for and against composite indicators are briefly reviewed, as well as the available theories for their construction. After noting the strong normative dimension of these measures—which ultimately aim to ‘tell ...
    • Quantity in Old Norse and modern peninsular North Germanic 

      Kristoffersen, Gjert (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-02-08)
      This article discusses the transition from a system with contrastive, segmental quantity in Old Norse into the present day system characterizing most Norwegian and Swedish dialects, where stressed syllables are obligatorily ...
    • Questionable Research Practices and Misconduct Among Norwegian Researchers 

      Kaiser, Matthias; Drivdal, Laura; Hjellbrekke, Johannes; Ingierd, Helene; Rekdal, Ole Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      This article presents results from the national survey conducted in 2018 for the project Research Integrity in Norway (RINO). A total of 31,206 questionnaires were sent out to Norwegian researchers by e-mail, and 7291 ...
    • Rationing of Personalised Cancer Drugs: Rethinking the Co-production of Evidence and Priority Setting Practices 

      Tranvåg, Eirik Joakim; Strand, Roger (Chapter, 2022)
      Rising health care costs is a challenge for all health care systems, and new and expensive cancer drugs is an important contributor to this. Many countries – like Norway – have therefore established priority setting ...
    • The Re-shaping of Bodies: A Discourse Analysis of Feminine Athleticism 

      Sofia, Aanesen; Runa, Notøy; Berg, Henrik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-24)
      Slender and skinny body ideals have been associated with psychological disorders such as eating disorders. However, the tendency to promote a “healthier” and more athletic female body ideal has received minimal critical ...
    • Recognising the social functions of climate services in Bergen, Norway 

      Bremer, Scott; Bremer, Anne; Iversen, Lisbeth; Bruno Soares, Marta; van der Sluijs, Jeroen P (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Climate services’ main function has been to provide technical scientific evidence for decision-making in formal institutions. This article makes a case for recognising the diverse functions and meanings of climate services ...
    • Reframing cancer: challenging the discourse on cancer and cancer drugs—a Norwegian perspective 

      Stenmarck, Mille Sofie; Engen, Caroline Benedicte Nitter; Strand, Roger (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background As the range of therapeutic options in the field of oncology increases, so too does the strain on health care budgets. The imbalance between what is medically possible and financially feasible is frequently ...
    • Research is in the air in Valle del Serchio 

      De Marchi, Bruna; Ficorilli, Antonella; Biggeri, Annibale (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      In this paper, we will present an ongoing Citizen Science (CS) project in environmental epidemiology in five European countries focussing on the Italian pilot study conducted in the Serchio Valley (Tuscany). The area is ...
    • Resilience of arctic communities: Socio-economic aspect 

      Nikulkina, Inga V.; Gordyachkova, Olga V.; Sukneva, Svetlana A.; Romanova, Elena V.; Gherardi, Jeanne; Wardekker, Arjan; Antonova, Marina E. (Journal article, 2020)
      The study investigates factors that directly or indirectly affect the development of settlements in the North-East of the Russian Arctic. The study highlights the specific features of the Arctic settlements of the Northeast, ...
    • The role of metrics in the governance of the water-energy-food nexus within the European Commission 

      Voelker, Thomas; Blackstock, Kirsty; Kovacic, Zora; Sindt, Jan; Strand, Roger; Waylen, Kerry A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-26)
      Abstract Recent years have witnessed a growing interest in the water-energy-food (WEF) nexus in both academia and policy. This concept draws attention to the link between different environmental and societal domains, and ...
    • A sensitivity analysis of the PAWN sensitivity index 

      Puy, Arnald; Lo Piano, Samuele; Saltelli, Andrea (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The PAWN index is gaining traction among the modelling community as a sensitivity measure. However, the robustness to its design parameters has not yet been scrutinized: the size (𝑁) and sampling (𝜀) of the model output, ...
    • Sensitivity analysis: A discipline coming of age 

      Saltelli, Andrea; Jakeman, Anthony; Razavi, Saman; Wu, Qiongli (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Sensitivity analysis (SA) as a ‘formal’ and ‘standard’ component of scientific development and policy support is relatively young. Many researchers and practitioners from a wide range of disciplines have contributed to SA ...
    • A short comment on statistical versus mathematical modelling 

      Saltelli, Andrea (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-27)
    • Should policy makers trust composite indices? A commentary on the pitfalls of inappropriate indices for policy formation 

      Kaiser, Matthias; Chen, Andrew Tzer-Yeu; Gluckman, Peter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background This paper critically discusses the use and merits of global indices, in particular, the Global Health Security Index (GHSI; Cameron et al. https://www.ghsindex.org/#l-section--map) in times of an imminent ...
    • Silver as a Constraint for a Large-Scale Development of Solar Photovoltaics? Scenario-Making to the Year 2050 Supported by Expert Engagement and Global Sensitivity Analysis 

      Lo Piano, Samuele; Saltelli, Andrea; van der Sluijs, Jeroen P (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-14)
      In this study we assess whether availability of silver could constrain a large-scale deployment of solar photovoltaics (PV). While silver-paste use in photovoltaics cell metallization is becoming more efficient, solar ...