Viser treff 21-40 av 104

    • Should policy makers trust composite indices? A commentary on the pitfalls of inappropriate indices for policy formation 

      Kaiser, Matthias; Chen, Andrew Tzer-Yeu; Gluckman, Peter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background This paper critically discusses the use and merits of global indices, in particular, the Global Health Security Index (GHSI; Cameron et al. https://www.ghsindex.org/#l-section--map) in times of an imminent ...
    • Brokerage at the science–policy interface: from conceptual framework to practical guidance 

      Gluckman, Peter D.; Bardsley, Anne; Kaiser, Matthias (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      This article analyses the conceptual framework of brokerage at the science–policy interface as an important boundary function to support trusted and transparent government decision-making. Policymaking involves a broad ...
    • Epistemic injustice in the age of evidence-based practice: The case of fibromyalgia 

      Heggen, Kristin Margrethe; Berg, Henrik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The aim of this paper is to analyze epistemic interactions in healthcare practices. In clinical encounters, participants exchange and interpret knowledge. Patients suffering from fibromyalgia often report that healthcare ...
    • Reframing cancer: challenging the discourse on cancer and cancer drugs—a Norwegian perspective 

      Stenmarck, Mille Sofie; Engen, Caroline Benedicte Nitter; Strand, Roger (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background As the range of therapeutic options in the field of oncology increases, so too does the strain on health care budgets. The imbalance between what is medically possible and financially feasible is frequently ...
    • Insect feeds in salmon aquaculture: sociotechnical imagination and responsible story-telling 

      Strand, Roger; Gamboa, Gonzalo; Dankel, Dorothy Jane; Giampietro, Mario (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Salmon aquaculture is a growing industry with increasing challenges of feed sustainability and availability. This global sustainability issue has led to calls for novel feeds. Aquafly, a Norwegian research project, has ...
    • Sensitivity analysis: A discipline coming of age 

      Saltelli, Andrea; Jakeman, Anthony; Razavi, Saman; Wu, Qiongli (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Sensitivity analysis (SA) as a ‘formal’ and ‘standard’ component of scientific development and policy support is relatively young. Many researchers and practitioners from a wide range of disciplines have contributed to SA ...
    • The Future of Sensitivity Analysis: An essential discipline for systems modeling and policy support 

      Razavi, Saman; Jakeman, Anthony; Saltelli, Andrea; Prieur, Clémentine; Iooss, Bertrand; Borgonovo, Emanuele; Plischke, Elmar; Lo Piano, Samuele; Iwanaga, Takuya; Becker, William; Tarantola, Stefano; Guillaume, Joseph H.A.; Jakeman, John; Gupta, Hoshin; Melillo, Nicola; Rabitti, Giovanni; Chabridon, Vincent; Duan, Qingyun; Sun, Xifu; Smith, Stefán; Sheikholeslami, Razi; Hosseini, Nasim; Asadzadeh, Masoud; Puy, Arnald; Kucherenko, Sergei; Maier, Holger R. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Sensitivity analysis (SA) is en route to becoming an integral part of mathematical modeling. The tremendous potential benefits of SA are, however, yet to be fully realized, both for advancing mechanistic and data-driven ...
    • Pollinator conservation requires a stronger and broader application of the precautionary principle 

      Drivdal, Laura Elisabet; van der Sluijs, Jeroen P (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The accumulating scientific evidence on global insect and pollinator decline is fuelling calls for pollinator conservation policies. A broad range of regulating and incentivising policies is undoubtedly needed to address ...
    • Extended Peer Communities: Appraising the contributions of tacit knowledges in climate change decision-making 

      Meisch, Simon; Bremer, Scott; Young, Mark Thomas; Funtowicz, Silvio Oscar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      This paper explores the implications of assessing tacit knowledges of climatic change in extended peer communities, as applied in two European research projects on climate action. Post-normal science (PNS) proposes the ...
    • Towards Post-Pandemic Sustainable and Ethical Food Systems 

      Kaiser, Matthias; Goldson, Stephen; Buklijas, Tatjana; Gluckman, Peter; Allen, Kristiann; Bardsley, Anne; Lam, Mimi Elizabeth (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The current global COVID-19 pandemic has led to a deep and multidimensional crisis across all sectors of society. As countries contemplate their mobility and social-distancing policy restrictions, we have a unique opportunity ...
    • Teaching Philosophy of Science to Science Students: An Alternative Approach 

      Fjelland, Ragnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Although most scientists and their students probably are skeptical towards philosophy, there has been an increasing demand for philosophy, among others philosophy of science, in science education programs. However, for ...
    • Investigating the process of ethical approval in citizen science research: The case of Public Health 

      Ficorilli, Antonella; Maccani, Giovanni; Balestrini, Mara; Biggeri, Annibale; De Marchi, Bruna; Froeling, Frederique E. M.; Gignac, Florence; Grazuleviciene, Regina; Hoek, Gerard; Kanduč, Tjaša; Kocman, David; Righi, Valeria; Basagaña, Xavier (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Undertaking citizen science research in Public Health involving human subjects poses significant challenges concerning the traditional process of ethical approval. It requires an extension of the ethics of protection of ...
    • Quality Assessment in Co-developing Climate Services in Norway and the Netherlands 

      Bremer, Scott; Wardekker, Arjan; Jensen, Elisabeth Schøyen; van der Sluijs, Jeroen P (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Climate services, and research on climate services, have mutually developed over the past 20 years, with quality assessment a central issue for orienting both practitioners and researchers. However, quality assessment is ...
    • Is VARS more intuitive and efficient than Sobol’ indices? 

      Maeso, Arnald Puy; Lo Piano, Samuele; Saltelli, Andrea (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Variogram Analysis of Response Surfaces (VARS) has been proposed by Razavi and Gupta as a new comprehensive framework in sensitivity analysis. According to these authors, VARS provides a more intuitive notion of ...
    • Narrative review of citizen science in environmental epidemiology: Setting the stage for co-created research projects in environmental epidemiology 

      Froeling, Frederique; Gignac, Florence; Hoek, Gerard; Vermeulen, Roel; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.; Ficorilli, Antonella; De Marchi, Bruna; Biggeri, Annibale; Kocman, David; Robinson, Johanna; Grazuleviciene, Regina; Andrusaityte, Sandra; Righi, Valeria; Basagaña, Xavier (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Several citizen science (CS) initiatives have been adopted in environmental science to monitor air and noise pollution, and water quality related to civic concerns. Nevertheless, CS projects in environmental epidemiology ...
    • Irrigated areas drive irrigation water withdrawals 

      Maeso, Arnald Puy; Borgonovo, Emanuele; Lo Piano, Samuele; Levin, Simon A.; Saltelli, Andrea (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      A sustainable management of global freshwater resources requires reliable estimates of the water demanded by irrigated agriculture. This has been attempted by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) through country ...
    • Extracting Users: Regimes of Engagement in Norwegian Smart Electricity Transition 

      Rommetveit, Kjetil; Foss Ballo, Ingrid; Sareen, Siddharth (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Recent efforts to involve digital technologies and renewables in the electricity grid have placed users at center stage in the legitimation of energy transitions. This move has been paralleled by an emphasis on users and ...
    • Beyond rules: How institutional cultures and climate governance interact 

      Bremer, Scott; Glavovic, Bruce; Meisch, Simon; Schneider, Paul; Wardekker, Arjan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Institutions have a central role in climate change governance. But while there is a flourishing literature on institutions' formal rules, processes, and organizational forms, scholars lament a relative lack of attention ...
    • Contrasting the framing of urban climate resilience 

      Wardekker, Arjan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Cities worldwide face climate change and other complex challenges and strive to become more resilient to the shocks and stresses that these bring. The notion of urban (climate) resilience has become highly popular in both ...
    • Resilience of arctic communities: Socio-economic aspect 

      Nikulkina, Inga V.; Gordyachkova, Olga V.; Sukneva, Svetlana A.; Romanova, Elena V.; Gherardi, Jeanne; Wardekker, Arjan; Antonova, Marina E. (Journal article, 2020)
      The study investigates factors that directly or indirectly affect the development of settlements in the North-East of the Russian Arctic. The study highlights the specific features of the Arctic settlements of the Northeast, ...