Modified action and differential operators on the 3-D sub-Riemannian sphere
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionAsian Journal of Mathematics 14(4): 439-473
Our main aim is to present a geometrically meaningful formula for the fundamental solutions to a second order sub-elliptic differential equation and to the heat equation associated with a sub-elliptic operator in the sub-Riemannian geometry on the unit sphere S3. Our method is based on the Hamiltonian-Jacobi approach, where the corresponding Hamitonian system is solved with mixed boundary conditions. A closed form of the modified action is given. It is a sub-Riemannian invariant and plays the role of a distance on S3.