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dc.contributor.authorBasnet, Rajendraen_US
dc.contributor.authorHinderaker, Sven Gudmunden_US
dc.contributor.authorEnarson, Donald Arthusen_US
dc.contributor.authorMalla, Pushpaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMørkve, Odden_US
dc.PublishedBMC Public Health 9(236)eng
dc.description.abstractBackground: Identifying reasons for delay in diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis is important for the health system to find ways to treat patients as early as possible, and hence reduce the suffering of patients and transmission of the disease. The objectives of this study was to assess the duration of delay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis and to investigate its determinants. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a structured questionnaire in 307 new tuberculosis patients registered by the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) in all DOTS centres in Banke district of Nepal. Results: The median patient delay was 50 days, the median health system delay was 18 days, and the median total delay was 60 days. Sputum smear negative participants had significantly lower risk of patient delay. Smokers using >5 cigarettes per day had higher risk of patient delay and health system delay. Conclusion: Total delay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis in Banke district is shorter compared to other places in Nepal and neighbouring countries. The shorter delay for smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis raises suspicion that many of these patients are not examined according to the NTP manual before being diagnosed. Increasing public awareness of the disease and expansion of the facilities with assured quality could be helpful to reduce the delay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis.en_US
dc.publisherBioMed Centraleng
dc.rightsAttribution CC BYeng
dc.titleDelay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis in Nepalen_US
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2009 Basnet et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
dc.source.journalBMC Public Health

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