• The 11 year solar cycle UV irradiance effect and its dependency on the Pacific Decadal Oscillation 

      Guttu, Sigmund; Orsolini, Yvan J.; Stordal, Frode; Otterå, Odd Helge; Omrani, Nour-Eddine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The stratospheric, tropospheric and surface impacts from the 11 year ultraviolet solar spectral irradiance (SSI) variability have been extensively studied using climate models and observations. Here, we demonstrate using ...
    • 2018 International Atmospheric Rivers Conference : Multi‐disciplinary studies and high‐impact applications of atmospheric rivers 

      Ramos, Alexandre; Wilson, Anna; DeFlorio, Michael; Barnes, Elizabeth A.; Garreaud, Rene; Gorodetskaya, Irina V.; Lavers, David A; Moore, Benjamin; Payne, Ashley; Smallcomb, Chris; Sodemann, Harald; Wehner, Michael; Ralph, Fred Martin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-26)
      Atmospheric rivers (ARs) play a vital role in shaping the hydroclimate of many regions globally, and can substantially impact water resource management, emergency response planning, and other socioeconomic entities. The ...
    • 230Th Normalization: New Insights on an Essential Tool for Quantifying Sedimentary Fluxes in the Modern and Quaternary Ocean 

      Costa, Kassandra M.; Hayes, Christopher T.; Anderson, Robert F.; Pavia, Frank J.; Bausch, Alexandra; Deng, Feifei; Dutay, Jean-Claude; Geibert, Walter; Heinze, Christoph; Henderson, Gideon M.; Hillaire-Marcel, Claude; Hoffmann, Sharon; Jaccard, Samuel L.; Jacobel, Allison W.; Kienast, Stephanie S.; Kipp, Lauren; Lerner, Paul; Lippold, Jörg; Lund, David; Marcantonio, Franco; McGee, David; McManus, Jerry F.; Mekik, Figen; Middleton, Jennifer L.; Missiaen, Lise; Not, Christelle; Pichat, Sylvain; Robinson, Laura F.; Rowland, George H.; Roy‐Barman, Matthieu; Tagliabue, Alessandro; Torfstein, Adi; Winckler, Gisela; Zhou, Yuxin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-01)
      230Th normalization is a valuable paleoceanographic tool for reconstructing high‐resolution sediment fluxes during the late Pleistocene (last ~500,000 years). As its application has expanded to ever more diverse marine ...
    • A 4.5 Year‐Long Record of Svalbard Water Vapor Isotopic Composition Documents Winter Air Mass Origin 

      Steen-Larsen, Hans Christian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      From May 2014 to September 2018, a laser spectrometer analyzer provided a 4.5 years continuous record of water vapor isotopic composition at Ny-Ålesund (8 m above sea level, a.s.l.), Svalbard. It corresponds to the longest ...
    • Advances in understanding and parameterization of small-scalephysical processes in the marine Arctic climate system: a review 

      Vihma, Timo; Pirazzini, R; Fer, Ilker; Renfrew, I.A.; Sedlar, J.; Tjernström, M.; Lüpkes, C.; Nygård, T.; Notz, D.; Weiss, J.; Marsan, D.; Cheng, B.; Birnbaum, G.; Gerland, S; Chechin, D.; Gascard, J.-C. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-09-10)
      The Arctic climate system includes numerous highly interactive small-scale physical processes in the atmosphere, sea ice, and ocean. During and since the International Polar Year 2007–2009, significant advances have been ...
    • Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010 

      Schumann, U.; Weinzierl, B; Reitebuch, O; Schlager, H.; Minikin, A; Forster, C; Baumann, R; Sailer, T; Graf, K; Mannstein, H.; Voigt, C; Rahm, S; Simmet, R; Scheibe, M; Lichtenstern, M; Stock, P; Ruba, H; Schauble, D; Tafferner, A; Rautenhaus, M; Gerz, T; Ziereis, H; Krautstrunk, M; Mallaun, C; Gayet, JF; Lieke, K; Kandler, K; Ebert, M; Weinbruch, S; Stohl, Andreas; Gasteiger, J; Gross, S; Freudenthaler, V; Wiegner, M; Ansmann, A; Tesche, M; Ólafsson, Haraldur; Sturm, K (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-03-11)
      Airborne lidar and in-situ measurements of aerosols and trace gases were performed in volcanic ash plumes over Europe between Southern Germany and Iceland with the Falcon aircraft during the eruption period of the Eyjafjalla ...
    • Aircraft-based observations and high-resolution simulations of an Icelandic dust storm 

      Blechschmidt, Anne-Marlene; Kristjansson, Jon Egill; Ólafsson, Haraldur; Burkhart, John; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Rosenberg, P.D. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-11-16)
      The first aircraft-based observations of an Icelandic dust storm are presented. The measurements were carried out over the ocean near Iceland's south coast in February 2007. This dust event occurred in conjunction with an ...
    • Along‐stream, seasonal, and interannual variability of the North Icelandic Irminger Current and East Icelandic Current around Iceland 

      Casanova-Masjoan, M; Perez-Hernandez, MD; Pickart, Robert S.; Valdimarsson, Héðinn; Ólafsdóttir, SR; Macrander, Andreas; Grisolía-Santos, D; Torres, Daniel J.; Jónsson, Steingrímur; Våge, Kjetil; Lin, Peigen; Hernández-Guerra, A (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Data from repeat hydrographic surveys over the 25-year period 1993 to 2017, together with satellite altimetry data, are used to quantify the temporal and spatial variability of the North Icelandic Irminger Current (NIIC), ...
    • Amplification of synoptic to annual variability of West African summer monsoon rainfall under global warming 

      Akinsanola, Akintomide Afolayan; Zhou, Wen; Zhou, Tianjun; Keenlyside, Noel (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Increased knowledge of future changes in rainfall variability is needed to reduce vulnerability to potential impacts of global warming, especially in highly vulnerable regions like West Africa. While changes in mean and ...
    • Analysis of a low-level coastal jet off the western coast of Norway 

      Christakos, Konstantinos; Varlas, Georgios; Reuder, Joachim; Katsafados, Petros; Papadopoulos, Anastasios (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Offshore wind installations depend strongly on an improved knowledge of the atmospheric and ocean conditions affecting the marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL). In particular the better understanding of atmospheric ...
    • Analysis of the vertical temperature structure in the Bergen valley, Norway, and its connection to pollution episodes 

      Wolf, Tobias; Esau, Igor; Reuder, Joachim (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-09)
      The vertical temperature profile in the lowest 1000m of the atmosphere determines a number of important physical processes and meteorological phenomena such as high concentrations of anthropogenic air pollutants in urban ...
    • Analysis of tidal currents in the North Sea from shipboard acoustic Doppler current profiler data 

      Vindenes, Håvard; Orvik, Kjell Arild; Søiland, Henrik; Wehde, Henning (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-01-12)
      North Sea tidal currents are determined by applying harmonic analysis to ship-borne acoustic Doppler current profiler data recorded from 1999 to 2016, covering large areas of the northern North Sea. Direct current measurement ...
    • Annual carbon fluxes in the upper Greenland Sea based on measurements and a box-model approach 

      Anderson, Leif G.; Drange, Helge; Chierici, M.; Fransson, A.; Johannessen, Truls; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Rey, Francisco (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2000-07)
      Measurements of nitrate and the carbonate system parameters performed mainly from 1993 to 1997 have been used to estimate the evolution of the concentration fields over the year in the surface and underlying waters of the ...
    • Annual cycles of sea level and sea surface temperature in the western Mediterranean Sea 

      Bouzinac, Catherine; Font, Jordi; Johannessen, Johnny A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2003-03-01)
      In the western Mediterranean Sea, sea level variations are the result of seasonal steric effect, atmospheric forcing and mesoscale circulation activity, particularly in the Alboran and Algerian basins, as well as water ...
    • Anthropogenic increase of oceanic pCO2 in the Barents Sea surface water 

      Omar, Abdirahman M.; Johannessen, Truls; Kaltin, Staffan; Olsen, Are (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2003-12-26)
      We evaluate the change of surface water CO2 partial pressure ( pCO2 sw) in the Barents Sea (BS) between 1967 and 2000–2001. We use temperature (T) data collected during a survey in the BS in 1967 and a relationship between ...
    • Aragonite saturation states and pH in western Norwegian fjords: Seasonal cycles and controlling factors, 2005-2009 

      Omar, Abdirahman; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Erga, Svein Rune; Olsen, Are (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-07-26)
      The uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) by the ocean leads to a process known as ocean acidification (OA), which lowers the aragonite saturation state (ΩAr) and pH, and this is poorly documented in coastal ...
    • Arctic amplification under global warming of 1.5 and 2 °C in NorESM1-Happi 

      Graff, Lise Seland; Iversen, Trond; Bethke, Ingo; Debernard, Jens Boldingh; Seland, Øyvind; Bentsen, Mats; Kirkevåg, Alf; Li, Camille; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Differences between a 1.5 and 2.0 ∘C warmer climate than 1850 pre-industrial conditions are investigated using a suite of uncoupled (Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project; AMIP), fully coupled, and slab-ocean experiments ...
    • Arctic climate change: observed and modelled temperature and sea-ice variability 

      Johannessen, Ola M.; Bengtsson, Lennart; Miles, Martin W.; Kuzmina, Svetlana I.; Semenov, Vladimir A.; Alekseev, Genrikh V.; Nagurnyi, Andrei P.; Zakharov, Victor F.; Bobylev, Leonid P.; Pettersson, Lasse H.; Hasselmann, Klaus; Cattle, Howard P. (Tellus A 56A(4), Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2004-07-09)
      Changes apparent in the arctic climate system in recent years require evaluation in a century-scale perspective in order to assess the Arctic's response to increasing anthropogenic greenhouse-gas forcing. Here, a new set ...
    • Arctic freshwater fluxes: sources, tracer budgets and inconsistencies 

      Forryan, Alexander; Bacon, Sheldon; Tsubouchi, Takamasa; Torres-Valdes, Sinhue; Garabato, Alberto C. Naveira (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The net rate of freshwater input to the Arctic Ocean has been calculated in the past by two methods: directly, as the sum of precipitation, evaporation and runoff, an approach hindered by sparsity of measurements, and by ...
    • Arctic Ocean carbon biogeochemistry under climate change and ocean acidification 

      Silyakova, Anna (Doctoral thesis; Peer reviewed, 2013-05-10)
      Human-induced CO2 emissions to the atmosphere cause climate change and ocean acidification. The strongest indicators of climate change and ocean acidification are expected to be found in the Arctic Ocean (AO). The AO area ...