Analysis of offshore wind spectra and coherence under neutral stability condition using the two LES models PALM and SOWFA
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonJournal of Physics: Conference Series (JPCS). 2021, 2018, 012027. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/2018/1/012027
The Parallelized Large-Eddy Model (PALM) and the Simulator for Wind Farm Applications (SOWFA) have been used to simulate the marine boundary layer flows under neutral stability condition. The present work aims to investigate the capability of the two models in reproducing the structure of turbulence in the offshore environment through comparative analysis with a focus on wind spectra and coherence. Wind spectra obtained from the two LES solvers agree well with the empirical spectral model near the surface but show lower turbulence intensity in the low frequency range above the surface layer. Both models also produce highly consistent estimates of coherence with different horizontal and vertical separations, which match well with Davenport and IEC coherence models at height of 180m and 140m respectively. As the height decreases, LES predicts lower vertical coherence compared with the IEC model and the fitted decay coefficient for Davenport model grows as the separation distance increases.