• Constraints to do realistic modeling of the electric field ahead of the tip of a lightning leader 

      Skeltved, Alexander Broberg; Østgaard, Nikolai; Mezentsev, Andrey; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Carlson, Brant Edward (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-08)
      Several computer models exist to explain the observation of terrestrial gamma‐ray flashes (TGFs). Some of these models estimate the electric field ahead of lightning leaders and its effects on electron acceleration and ...
    • In‐Flight Observation of Positron Annihilation by ILDAS 

      Kochkin, Pavlo; Sarria, David; Skeie, Chris Alexander; Van Deursen, Alexander P.J.; de Boer, A; Bardet, Michiel; Allasia, Cedric; Flourens, Franck; Østgaard, Nikolai (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-08)
      We report a 511‐keV photon flux enhancement that was observed inside a thundercloud and is a result of positron annihilation. The observation was made with the In‐flight Lightning Damage Assessment System (ILDAS) on board ...
    • Mesospheric nitric acid enhancements during energetic electron precipitation events simulated by WACCM‐D 

      Orsolini, Yvan; Smith-Johnsen, Christine; Marsh, Daniel R.; Stordal, Frode; Rodger, Craig J.; Verronen, Pekka T.; Clilverd, Mark A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-07)
      While observed mesospheric polar nitric acid enhancements have been attributed to energetic particle precipitation through ion cluster chemistry in the past, this phenomenon is not reproduced in current whole‐atmosphere ...