• Climate in Svalbard 2100 

      Adakudlu, Muralidhar; Andresen, J; Bakke, Jostein; Beldring, S.; Benestad, Rasmus; Bilt, Willem van der; Bogen, J.; Borstad, Christopher Paul; Breili, Kristian; Breivik, Øyvind; Børsheim, Knut Yngve; Christiansen, Hanne H; Dobler, Andreas; Engeset, Rune; Frauenfelder, Regula; Gerland, Sebastian; Gjelten, Herdis Motrøen; Gundersen, Jeanette; Isaksen, Ketil; Jaedicke, Christian; Kierulf, Halfdan; Kohler, Jack; Li, H.; Lutz, J.; Melvold, Kjetil; Mezghani, Abdelkader; Nilsen, F.; Nilsen, Irene Brox; Nilsen, Jan Even Øie; Pavlova, O.; Ravndal, Ole; Risebrobakken, Bjørg; Saloranta, Tuomo; Sandven, Stein; Schuler, Thomas; Simpson, Matthew James Ross; Skogen, Morten D.; Smedsrud, Lars H.; Sund, Monica; Vikhamar-Schuler, D.; Westermann, Sebastian; Wong, Wai Kwok (Research report, 2019-01)
      This report was commissioned by the Norwegian Environment Agency in order to provide basic information for use in climate change adaptation in Svalbard. It includes descriptions of historical, as well as projections for ...
    • Climate variability in the subarctic area for the last 2 millennia 

      Nicolle, Marie; Debret, Maxime; Massei, Nicolas; Colin, Christophe; de Vernal, Anne; Divine, Dmitry V; Werner, Johannes; Hormes, Anne; Korhola, Atte; Linderholm, Hans W. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-01-25)
      To put recent climate change in perspective, it is necessary to extend the instrumental climate records with proxy data from paleoclimate archives. Arctic climate variability for the last 2 millennia has been investigated ...
    • A climatic trigger for the giant Troll pockmark field in the northern North Sea 

      Mazzini, Adriano; Svensen, Henrik; Forsberg, Carl Fredrik; Linge, Henriette; Lauritzen, Stein-Erik; Haflidason, Haflidi; Hammer, Øyvind; Planke, Sverre; Tjelta, Tor-Inge (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-04)
      Pockmarks are seafloor craters usually formed during methane release on continental margins. However, the mechanisms behind their formation and dynamics remain elusive. Here we report detailed investigations on one of the ...
    • Clinoform systems: Review and dynamic classification scheme for shorelines, subaqueous deltas, shelf edges and continental margins 

      Patruno, Strefano; Helland-Hansen, William (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-10)
      Clinoforms are inclined and normally basinward-dipping horizons developed over a range of spatial and temporal scales in both siliciclastic and carbonatic systems. The study of clinoform successions underpins sequence ...
    • Clitellate worms (Annelida) in late-glacial and Holocene sedimentary DNA records from the Polar Urals and northern Norway 

      Lammers, Youri; Clarke, Charlotte; Erséus, Christer; Brown, Antony Gavin; Edwards, Mary Elizabeth; Gielly, Ludovic; Haflidason, Haflidi; Mangerud, Jan; Rota, E; Svendsen, John-Inge; Alsos, Inger Greve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-11-26)
      While there are extensive macro‐ and microfossil records of a range of plants and animals from the Quaternary, earthworms and their close relatives amongst annelids are not preserved as fossils and therefore the knowledge ...
    • Clumped isotope thermometry as a new tool for reconstructing Miocene climate change 

      Leutert, Thomas Jan (Doctoral thesis, 2020-01-27)
      This PhD thesis focuses on the clumped isotope paleothermometer and its application to foraminiferal carbonates buried in ocean sediments. Based on new proxy evidence for ocean temperature, the thesis aims at improving our ...
    • Clumped isotope thermometry in bivalve shells: a tool for reconstructing seasonal upwelling 

      Caldarescu, Diana Elena; Sadatzki, Henrik; Dahl, Carin Andersson; Schäfer, Priska; Fortunato, Helena; Meckler, Anna Nele (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Carbonate clumped isotope thermometry is a powerful tool for reconstructing paleotemperature and paleosalinity. Despite its broad application in biotic and abiotic materials, its use in paleoclimate studies has been limited ...
    • Clumped isotope thermometry in foraminifera - From calibration to Plio-Pleistocene temperature reconstructions in the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool 

      Meinicke, Niklas (Doctoral thesis, 2020-06-25)
      Clumped isotopes thermometry on foraminifera holds the potential to accurately reconstruct ocean temperatures on million-year timescales. In contrast to most other paleothermometers, clumped isotopes do not rely on prior ...
    • A community-based geological reconstruction of Antarctic Ice Sheet deglaciation since the Last Glacial Maximum 

      Bentley, Michael J.; Ocofaigh, Colm Ó.; Anderson, John B.; Conway, Howard; Davies, Bethan; Graham, Alastair G.C.; Hillenbrand, Claus-Dieter; Hodgson, Dominic A.; Jamieson, Stewart S.R.; Larter, Robert D.; Mackintosh, Andrew; Smith, James A.; Verleyen, Elie; Ackert, Robert P.; Bart, Philip J.; Berg, Sonja; Brunstein, Daniel; Canals, Miquel; Colhoun, Eric A.; Crosta, Xavier; Dickens, William A.; Domack, Eugene; Dowdeswell, Julian A.; Dunbar, Robert; Ehrmann, Werner; Evans, Jeffrey; Favier, Vincent; Fink, David; Fogwill, Christopher J.; Glasser, Neil F.; Gohl, Karsten; Golledge, Nicholas R.; Goodwin, Ian; Gore, Damian B.; Greenwood, Sarah L.; Hall, Brenda L.; Hall, Kevin; Hedding, David W.; Hein, Andrew S.; Hocking, Emma P.; Jakobsson, Martin; Johnson, Joanne S.; Jomelli, Vincent; Jones, R. Selwyn; Klages, Johann P.; Kristoffersen, Yngve; Kuhn, Gerhard; Leventer, Amy; Licht, Kathy; Lilly, Katherine; Lindow, Julia; Livingstone, Stephen J.; Massé, Guillaume; McGlone, Matt S.; Mckay, Robert M.; Melles, Martin; Miura, Hideki; Mulvaney, Robert; Nel, Werner; Nitsche, Frank O.; O'Brien, Philip E.; Post, Alexandra L.; Roberts, Stephen J.; Saunders, Krystyna M.; Selkirk, Patricia M.; Simms, Alexander R.; Spiegel, Cornelia; Stolldorf, Travis D.; Sugden, David E.; van der Putten, Nathalie; van Ommen, Tas; Verfaillie, Deborah; Vyverman, Wim; Wagner, Bernd; White, Duanne A.; Witus, Alexandra E.; Zwartz, Dan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-09-15)
      A robust understanding of Antarctic Ice Sheet deglacial history since the Last Glacial Maximum is important in order to constrain ice sheet and glacial-isostatic adjustment models, and to explore the forcing mechanisms ...
    • A Comparative Palynofacies Study of Two Methods Used for Source Rock Validation. A Case Study From a Mississippian Succession on Spitsbergen 

      Hansen, Tone Hetland (Master thesis, 2017-06-30)
      This study is conducted on the analysis of twenty-nine kerogen slides of Tournasian and Visean age. The outcrop samples were collected from the Hoelbreen and Birger Johnsonfjellet Members in the Birger Johnsonfjellet section ...
    • Comparison of metamorphic evolution and tectonic position of metasediments of the Austevoll islands with rocks from the Samnanger Complex (Major Bergen Arc, Norwegian Caledonides) 

      Hordvik, Øystein Sørumshaugen (Master thesis, 2015-08-01)
      Metasedimentary rocks represent a substantial component of the Bergen Arcs System and they are mostly confined to the Minor and Major Bergen Arcs. The arcs represents imbricate structures composed of island arc lithologies, ...
    • A complex point-source solution of the acoustic eikonal equation for Gaussian beams in transversely isotropic media 

      Huang, Xingguo; Sun, Hui; Sun, Zhangqing; da Silva, Nuno (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-03-11)
      The complex traveltime solutions of the complex eikonal equation are the basis of inhomogeneous plane-wave seismic imaging methods, such as Gaussian beam migration and tomography. We present the analytic approximations for ...
    • Complex strain partitioning and heterogeneous extension rates during early rifting in the East Shetland Basin, northern North Sea 

      Claringbould, Johan S; Bell, Rebecca E.; Jackson, Christopher A.L.; Gawthorpe, Robert; Odinsen, Tore (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The early stages of continental rifting are accommodated by the growth of upper crustal normal fault systems that are distributed relatively evenly across the rift width. Numerous fault systems define fault arrays, the ...
    • Computationally Efficient Methods for Seismic Modeling and Inversion 

      Sarajærvi, Martin (Doctoral thesis, 2020-11-18)
      This thesis presents new methods for the modeling of seismic waveforms based on ray theory and ray-Born integrals. The waveforms are used in forward modeling, imaging and full waveform inversion and are computed in 3D ...
    • Consistent fluctuations in intermediate water temperature off the coast of Greenland and Norway during Dansgaard-Oeschger events 

      Sessford, Evangeline; Jensen, Mari Fjalstad; Tisserand, Amandine Aline; Muschitiello, Francesco; Dokken, Trond Martin; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Jansen, Eystein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-11-01)
      Rapid warmings epitomize the Dansgaard-Oeschger events that are recorded in Greenland ice cores and imprinted in ocean sediment cores. While the abrupt climate changes appear connected to perturbations in sea ice and ocean ...
    • Continuous and episodic sedimentation in western Norwegian fjord lakes. A Holocene climatic perspective 

      Vasskog, Kristian (Doctoral thesis, 2011-10-21)
      A Holocene chronology of hazardous events has been constructed in parallel with a new record of glacier variability from inner Nordfjord in western Norway, based on the analysis of seismic profiles and sediment cores from ...
    • A continuous tephrostratigraphic record from the Labrador Sea spanning the last 65 ka 

      Rutledal, Sunniva; Haflidason, Haflidi; Berben, Sarah Miche Patricia; Griem, Lisa; Jansen, Eystein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Volcanic ash preserved in marine sediment sequences is key for independent synchronization of palaeoclimate records within and across different climate archives. Here we present a continuous tephrostratigraphic record from ...
    • Contractional deformation of porous sandstone: Insights from the Aztec Sandstone, SE Nevada, USA 

      Fossen, Haakon; Zuluaga, Luisa F.; Ballas, Gregory; Soliva, Roger; Rotevatn, Atle (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-05)
      Contractional deformation of highly porous sandstones is poorly explored, as compared to extensional deformation of such sedimentary rocks. In this work we explore the highly porous Aztec Sandstone in the footwall to the ...
    • Contractional deformation of porous sandstones. Laramide and Sevier deformation of the Navajo and Aztec sandstones in western USA 

      Zuluaga, Luisa F. (Doctoral thesis, 2015-02-16)
      In response to stress, high porosity sandstones tend to deform and localize strain in the form of deformation bands, which form by rotation, sliding and potentially crushing of grains. Contrary to slip surfaces and fractures, ...
    • Control of increased sedimentation on orogenic fold-and-thrust belt structure-insights into the evolution of the Western Alps 

      Erdös, Zoltan; Huismans, Ritske; van der Beek, Peter (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-03-13)
      We use two-dimensional thermomechanical models to investigate the potential role of rapid filling of foreland basins in the development of orogenic foreland fold-and-thrust belts. We focus on the extensively studied example ...