• Arctic Holocene proxy climate database – New approaches to assessing geochronological accuracy and encoding climate variables 

      Sundqvist, H.S.; Kaufmann, Darrell; MaKay, Nickholas; Axford, Y.; Balascio, Nickholas; Briner, Jason P.; Cwynar, L.C.; Sejrup, Hans Petter; Subetto, D.A.; Andrews, J.T.; Bakke, Jostein; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Brooks, S.J.; Vernal, A.E.; Jennings, A.E.; Ljungvist, K.M.; Rûhland, K.M.; Saenger, C.; Smol, J.P.; Viau, A.E. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-08-29)
      We present a systematic compilation of previously published Holocene proxy climate records from the Arctic. We identified 170 sites from north of 58° N latitude where proxy time series extend back at least to 6 cal ka (all ...
    • Arctic hydroclimate variability during the last 2000 years: Current understanding and research challenges 

      Linderholm, Hans W.; Nicolle, Marie; Francus, Pierre; Gajewski, Konrad; Helama, Samuli; Korhola, Atte; Solomina, Olga; Yu, Zicheng; Zhang, Peng; D'Andrea, William J.; Debret, Maxime; Divine, Dmitry V; Gunnarson, Björn E.; Loader, Neil J.; Massei, Nicolas; Seftigen, Kristina; Thomas, Elizabeth K.; Werner, Johannes; Andersson, Sofia; Berntsson, Annika; Luoto, Tomi P.; Nevalainen, Liisa; Saarni, Saija; Väliranta, Minna (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-04-10)
      Reanalysis data show an increasing trend in Arctic precipitation over the 20th century, but changes are not homogenous across seasons or space. The observed hydroclimate changes are expected to continue and possibly ...
    • Climate variability in the subarctic area for the last 2 millennia 

      Nicolle, Marie; Debret, Maxime; Massei, Nicolas; Colin, Christophe; de Vernal, Anne; Divine, Dmitry V; Werner, Johannes; Hormes, Anne; Korhola, Atte; Linderholm, Hans W. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-01-25)
      To put recent climate change in perspective, it is necessary to extend the instrumental climate records with proxy data from paleoclimate archives. Arctic climate variability for the last 2 millennia has been investigated ...
    • Equilibrium simulations of Marine Isotope Stage 3 climate 

      Guo, Chuncheng; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Bentsen, Mats; Bethke, Ingo; Zhang, Zhongshi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-06-26)
      An equilibrium simulation of Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS3) climate with boundary conditions characteristic of Greenland Interstadial 8 (GI-8; 38 kyr BP) is carried out with the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM). A ...
    • Is there evidence for a 4.2 kaBP event in the northern North Atlantic region? 

      Jostein, Bakke; Bradley, Raymond S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-09-02)
      We review paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic records from the northern North Atlantic to assess the nature of climatic conditions at 4.2 ka BP, which has been identified as a time of exceptional climatic anomalies in many ...
    • Lessons from a high-CO2 world: an ocean view from  ∼ 3 million years ago 

      McClymont, Erin L.; Ford, Heather; Ho, Sze Ling; Tindall, Julia C.; Haywood, Alan M.; Alonso-Garcia, Montserrat; Bailey, Ian; Berke, Melissa A.; Littler, Kate; Patterson, Molly O.; Petrick, Benjamin; Peterse, Francien; Ravelo, Ana Christina; Risebrobakken, Bjørg; De Schepper, Stijn; Swann, George E. A.; Kaustubh, Thirumalai; Tierney, Jessica E; Van der Weijst, Carolien; white, sarah; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Brady, Esther C.; Chan, Wing-Le; Chandan, Deepak; Ran, Feng; Guo, Chenchen Guo; von der Heydt, Anna S.; Stephen, Hunter; Xiangyi, Li; Lohmann, Gerrit; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Peltier, Richard W.; Stepanek, Christian; Zhang, Zhongshi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      A range of future climate scenarios are projected for high atmospheric CO2 concentrations, given uncertainties over future human actions as well as potential environmental and climatic feedbacks. The geological record ...
    • The role of the northward-directed (sub)surface limb of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation during the 8.2 ka event 

      Tegzes, Andrea Diana; Jansen, Eystein; Telford, Richard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-10-24)
      The so-called "8.2 ka event" is widely regarded as a major Holocene climate perturbation. It is most readily identifiable in the oxygen-isotope records from Greenland ice cores as an approximately 160-year-long cold interval ...
    • Simulating last interglacial climate with NorESM: role of insolation and greenhouse gases in the timing of peak warmth 

      Langebroek, Petra; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-07-10)
      The last interglacial (LIG, ~130–116 ka, ka = 1000 yr ago) is characterized by high-latitude warming and is therefore often considered as a possible analogue for future warming. However, in contrast to predicted ...
    • Spatio-temporal variability of Arctic summer temperatures over the past 2 millennia 

      Werner, Johannes; Divine, Dmitry V; Ljungqvist, Fredrik Charpentier; Nilsen, Tine; Francus, Pierre (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-04-24)
      In this article, the first spatially resolved and millennium-length summer (June–August) temperature reconstruction over the Arctic and sub-Arctic domain (north of 60°N) is presented. It is based on a set of 44 annually ...
    • Using simulations of the last millennium to understand climate variability seen in palaeo-observations: Similar variation of Iceland-Scotland overflow strength and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation 

      Lohmann, Katja; Mignot, Juliette; Langehaug, Helene Reinertsen; Jungclaus, Johann H.; Matei, Daniela; Otterå, Odd Helge; Gao, Yongqi; Mjell, Tor Lien; Ninnemann, Ulysses Silas; Kleiven, Helga Flesche (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-02-10)
      A recent palaeo-reconstruction of the strength of the Iceland–Scotland overflow during the last 600 years suggests that its low-frequency variability exhibits strong similarity with palaeo-reconstructions of the Atlantic ...