Two- and three-pion quantum statistics correlations in Pb-Pb collisions at √sNN = 2.76 TeV at the CERN Large Hadron Collider
Alme, Johan; Erdal, Hege Austrheim; Helstrup, Håvard; Hetland, Kristin Fanebust; Kileng, Bjarte; Altinpinar, Sedat; Djuvsland, Øystein; Fehlker, Dominik; Haaland, Øystein Senneset; Huang, Meidana; Langøy, Rune; Lien, Jørgen; Øvrebekk, Gaute; Lønne, Per-Ivar; Nystrand, Joakim; Rehman, Attiq ur; Røhrich, Dieter; Skjerdal, Kyrre; Ullaland, Kjetil; Wagner, Boris; Yang, Shiming; Arsene, Ionut Christian; Bätzing, Paul Christoph; Dordic, Olja; Eyyubova, Gyulnara; Lindal, Svein; Milosevic, Jovan; Qvigstad, Henrik; Richter, Matthias Rudolph; Røed, Ketil; Skaali, Toralf Bernhard; Tveter, Trine Spedstad; Wikne, Jon Christopher; Zhao, Chengxin; Abelev, Betty; Adam, Jaroslav; Adamová, Dagmar; Adare, Andrew Marshall; Aggarwal, Madan M.; Aglieri Rinella, Gianluca; Agocs, Andreas Gabor; Agostinelli, Andrea; Aguilar Salazar, Saul; Ahammed, Zubayer; Ahmad, Nazeer; Ahmad Masoodi, Arshar; Ahn, Sang Un; Ahn, Sul-Ah; Ajaz, Muhammad; ALICE, Collaboration
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Correlations induced by quantum statistics are sensitive to the spatiotemporal extent as well as dynamics of particle-emitting sources in heavy-ion collisions. In addition, such correlations can be used to search for the presence of a coherent component of pion production. Two- and three-pion correlations of same and mixed charge are measured at low relative momentum to estimate the coherent fraction of charged pions in Pb-Pb collisions at √sNN=2.76 TeV at the CERN Large Hadron Collider with ALICE. The genuine three-pion quantum statistics correlation is found to be suppressed relative to the two-pion correlation based on the assumption of fully chaotic pion emission. The suppression is observed to decrease with triplet momentum. The observed suppression at low triplet momentum may correspond to a coherent fraction in charged-pion emission of 23%±8%.