Study of heavy-flavor quarks produced in association with top-quark pairs at √s =7 TeV using the ATLAS detector
Buanes, Trygve; Burgess, Thomas; Eigen, Gerald; Kastanas, Alex; Liebig, Wolfgang; Lipniacka, Anna; Rosendahl, Peter Lundgaard; Sandaker, Heidi; Sjursen, Therese B.; Stugu, Bjarne; Tonoyan, Arshak; Ugland, Maren; Bugge, Lars; Buran, Torleiv; Cameron, David Gordon; Czyczula, Zofia; Gjelsten, Børge Kile; Gramstad, Eirik; Lund, Esben; Ould-Saada, Farid; Pajchel, Katarina; Pedersen, Maiken; Pylypchenko, Yuriy; Read, Alexander Lincoln; Røhne, Ole Myren; Smestad, Lillian; Stapnes, Steinar; Strandlie, Are; Aad, Georges; Abajyan, Tatevik; Abbott, Brad; Abdallah, Jalal; Abdel Khalek, Samah; Abdinov, Ovsat Bahram oglu; Aben, Rosemarie; Abi, Babak; Abolins, Maris; AbouZeid, Hass; Abramowicz, Halina; Abreu, Henso; Acerbi, Emilio; Adamczyk, Leszek; Adams, David; Addy, Tetteh N.; Adelman, Jareed; Adomeit, Stefanie; Adye, Tim; Aefsky, Scott Alan; Agatonovic-Jovin, Tatjana; Aguilar Saavedra, Juan Antonio; Aharrouche, Mohamed; ATLAS, Collaboration
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Using a sample of dilepton top-quark pair (tt¯) candidate events, a study is performed of the production of top-quark pairs together with heavy-flavor (HF) quarks, the sum of tt¯+b+X and tt¯+c+X, collectively referred to as tt¯ + HF. The data set used corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.7 fb−1 of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV recorded by the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The presence of additional HF (b or c) quarks in the tt¯ sample is inferred by looking for events with at least three b-tagged jets, where two are attributed to the b quarks from the tt¯ decays and the third to additional HF production. The dominant background to tt¯ + HF in this sample is tt¯+jet events in which a light-flavor jet is misidentified as a heavy-flavor jet. To determine the heavy- and light-flavor content of the additional b-tagged jets, a fit to the vertex mass distribution of b-tagged jets in the sample is performed. The result of the fit shows that 79 ± 14 (stat) ± 22 (syst) of the 105 selected extra b-tagged jets originate from HF quarks, 3 standard deviations away from the hypothesis of zero tt¯ + HF production. The result for extra HF production is quoted as a ratio (RHF) of the cross section for tt¯ + HF production to the cross section for tt¯ production with at least one additional jet. Both cross sections are measured in a fiducial kinematic region within the ATLAS acceptance. RHF is measured to be [6.2±1.1(stat)±1.8(syst)]% for jets with pT>25 GeV and |η|<2.5, in agreement with the expectations from Monte Carlo generators.