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Search for the rare decay B → πℓ+ℓ− in the BABAR experiment

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dc.contributor.author Ofte, Ingrid
dc.date.accessioned 2007-03-20T11:45:55Z
dc.date.available 2007-03-20T11:45:55Z
dc.date.issued 2006-12-12
dc.identifier.isbn 82-308-0272-6 (print version)
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1956/2162
dc.description.abstract Some characters in this abstract are not rendered correctly, please consult the PDF-version. en
dc.description.abstract The rare decay B → πℓ+ℓ− is the simplest manifestation of a b → dℓ+ℓ− flavor-changing neutral current (FCNC) process. This type of process only proceeds through penguin loop or box diagrams and is sensitive to physics at the electroweak scale. It can be used to constrain parameters of the Standard Model and its extensions. B → πℓ+ℓ− events have not yet been observed; the branching fraction is expected to be an order of magnitude smaller than the measured branching fraction for the similar B → Kℓ+ℓ− decay. en
dc.description.abstract Using 230 million BB meson pairs collected with the BABAR detector, we have done a search for the rare decay B → πℓ+ℓ−. The data was produced in e+e− collision at the Υ(4S) resonance in the PEP-II collider between 1999 and 2004. Four exclusive B-meson decay modes have been reconstructed: B+ → π+ℓ+ℓ− and B0 → π0ℓ+ℓ−, where ℓ+ℓ− is either an electron pair (e+e−) or a muon pair (μ+μ−). We find no evidence for a signal, and we obtain upper limits on the branching fractions B. Assuming the isospin relation B(B+ → π+ℓ+ℓ−) = 2 × τB+ τB0 B(B0 →π0ℓ+ℓ−), we obtain an upper limit at 90% confidence level on the the lepton-flavor–averaged branching fraction of B → πℓ+ℓ− to be B(B → πℓ+ℓ−) < 9.5 × 10−8 at 90% C.L. en
dc.description.abstract We have also reconstructed two control modes B+ → π+e±μ╒ and B0 → π0e±μ╒, and we also obtain an upper limit at 90%confidence level on the lepton-flavor–violating decay B → πeμ of B(B → πeμ) < 9.2 × 10−8 at 90% C.L. This is the first search for these rare decays at the current B-Factory experiments. This limit is an improvement by four orders of magnitude with respect to the the previous experimental limit, and about a factor three above Standard Model predictions. en
dc.format.extent 6776829 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.publisher The University of Bergen en
dc.title Search for the rare decay B → πℓ+ℓ− in the BABAR experiment en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.subject.nsi VDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Fysikk: 430 no


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