The AIDS Pandemic in Uganda : Social Capital and the Role of NGOs in Alleviating the Impact of HIV/AIDS
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AIDS has a devastating impact on individuals and society. It is defined as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and it is a condition caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This condition occurs when people who have lived with HIV for a long time lose their immunity and become susceptible to various opportunistic infections. AIDS often results in death. At present, there is neither a vaccine against HIV nor a cure for AIDS. Apart from the numerous deaths it causes, HIV/AIDS has other related problems, including increased dependence, deepening poverty and reduced households’ incomes, social discrimination, and depletion of national finances and human resources. Some of these problems have their own implications and often result in other AIDS-related problems; for example, social discrimination, especially of people infected with HIV, may result into stigmatisation, which in turn may prevent them from seeking treatment, care and support for fear of further discrimination. The purpose of this study is to explore the role of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in alleviating HIV/AIDS-related problems in Uganda.