The Unfeasibility of Professionalization of Primary-school Teachers in Bangladesh. An analysis of the actors and factors, 1971 - 2001
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Objectives of the Study: The main purposes of this study are to obtain a clearer understanding of the characteristics of primary teaching occupation in Bangladesh and to examine the development of this occupational group over the period 1971-2001 (for example, to consider teachers’ perceptions of their vocational position, both today and in 1971; the extent to which they emerge as a distinct, publicly recognised occupation that controls their own work; and the extent to which it is possible to observe the factors and actors that inhibit the professionalization of primary teachers in Bangladesh). Despite the fact that there are eleven types of primary education institutions in the country, the state has the overall responsibility for all GPSs (National Education Commission, 2003). In 2005 there were a total of 37,671 GPS with a teaching staff of about 162 thousand (Daily Ajkerkagoj, Dhaka, dated 18.03.2005). In the same year a total of about 18.3 million students were enrolled in these schools, while all other types of primary schools had a total enrolment of about 6.8 million students (ibid). However, this study only considers teachers working in the public sector, i.e. in GPS. On the basis of the above discussion of the research problem, the overall general objective of this study is: to examine the actors and factors that promote or inhibit professionalization of government primary-school teachers in Bangladesh.