Bergen Open Research Archive

Reconnaissance report and preliminary ground motion simulation of the 12 May 2008 Wenchuan earthquake

Bergen Open Research Archive

Show simple item record Bjerrum, Louise Wedderkopp eng Atakan, Kuvvet eng Sørensen, Mathilde Bøttger eng 2011-03-02T11:06:42Z 2011-03-02T11:06:42Z 2010 eng
dc.identifier.citation Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering 8: 1569-1601 en_US
dc.description.abstract The Mw = 8.0Wenchuan earthquake of May 12, 2008, caused destruction over a wide area. The earthquake cost more than 69,000 lives and the damage is reported to have left more than 5 million people homeless. It is estimated that 5.36 million buildings were destroyed and 21 million buildings were damaged in Sichuan and the nearby provinces. Economic losses due to the event are estimated to be 124 billion USD. From a field reconnaissance trip conducted in October 2008, it is evident that the combination of several factors, including mountainous landscape, strong ground shaking, extensive landslides and rock-falls, has exacerbated the human and economic consequences of this earthquake. Extensive damage occurred over a wide area due to the shear size of the earthquake rupture combined with poor quality building construction. In order to investigate the ground shaking during the earthquake, we have conducted a strong ground motion simulation study, applying a hybrid broadband frequency technique. The preliminary results show large spatial variation in the ground shaking, with the strongest ground motions along the fault plane. The simulation results have been calibrated against the recorded ground motion from several near-field stations in the area, and acceleration values of the order of 1 g are obtained, similar to what was recorded during the event. Comparison with the damage distribution observed in the field confirms that the effect of fault rupture complexity on the resulting ground motion en_US
dc.language.iso eng eng
dc.publisher Springer eng
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC eng
dc.rights.uri eng
dc.subject Damage distribution eng
dc.subject Field reconnaissance eng
dc.subject Ground motion simulation eng
dc.subject Wenchuan earthquake eng
dc.title Reconnaissance report and preliminary ground motion simulation of the 12 May 2008 Wenchuan earthquake eng
dc.type Peer reviewed eng
dc.type Journal article eng
dc.subject.nsi VDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400 eng
dc.rights.holder Copyright The Author(s) 2010. This article is published with open access at
dc.rights.holder The Author(s) 2010 eng
dc.type.version publishedVersion eng
bora.peerreviewed Peer reviewed eng
bibo.doi eng

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC

Search BORA


My Account