• Altered Gut Microbial Metabolism of Essential Nutrients in Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis 

      Kummen, Martin; Thingholm, Louise B.; Rühlemann, Malte C.; Holm, Kristian; Hansen, Simen Hyll; Moitinho-Silva, Lucas; Liwinski, Timur; Zenouzi, Roman; Larsen, Christopher Storm; Midttun, Øivind; McCann, Adrian; Ueland, Per Magne; Høivik, Marte Lie; Vesterhus, Mette; Trøseid, Marius; Laudes, Matthias; Lieb, Wolfgang; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Bang, Corinna; Schramm, Christoph; Franke, Andre; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background & Aims To influence host and disease phenotype, compositional microbiome changes, which have been demonstrated in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), must be accompanied by functional changes. ...
    • Association of Maternal Plasma Total Cysteine and Growth among Infants in Nepal: A Cohort Study 

      Arora, Nikhil; Strand, Tor A; Chandyo, Ram K; Elshorbagy, Amany; Shrestha, Laxman; Ueland, Per Magne; Ulak, Manjeswori; Schwinger, Catherine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Cysteine is a semi-essential amino acid that has been positively associated with growth in children. However, transgenerational effects remain unclear. The aim of this analysis was to assess whether maternal plasma total ...
    • Association of Plasma Total Cysteine and Anthropometric Status in 6–30 Months Old Indian Children 

      Schwinger, Catherine; Chowdhury, Ranadip; Sharma, Shakun; Bhandari, Nita; Taneja, Sunita; Ueland, Per Magne; Strand, Tor A (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      High-quality protein has been associated with child growth; however, the role of the amino acid cysteine remains unclear. The aim was to measure the extent to which plasma total cysteine (tCys) concentration is associated ...
    • Associations of neopterin and kynurenine–tryptophan ratio with survival in primary sclerosing cholangitis 

      Dhillon, Amandeep Kaur; Rupp, Christian; Bergquist, Annika; Voitl, Robert; Folseraas, Trine; Trøseid, Marius; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Per Magne; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Vesterhus, Mette Nåmdal; Kummen, Martin; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background and aims Biomarkers of inflammation may be of clinical utility in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). We aimed to investigate the interferon gamma-related biomarkers neopterin and kynurenine–tryptophanratio ...
    • Baked cod consumption delayed the development of kidney and liver dysfunction and affected plasma amino acid concentrations, but did not affect blood pressure, blood glucose or liver triacylglycerol concentrations in obese fa/fa Zucker rats. 

      Vikøren, Linn A.; Drotningsvik, Aslaug; Midttun, Øivind; McCann, Adrian; Bergseth, Marthe Tønder; Austgulen, Maren H.; Mellgren, Gunnar; Ueland, Per Magne; Gudbrandsen, Oddrun Anita (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Obesity is associated with changes in amino acid metabolism, and studies show that ingestion of fish proteins influence amino acid composition in plasma and urine, in addition to affecting risk factors for metabolic syndrome. ...
    • Circulating trimethyllysine and risk of acute myocardial infarction in patients with suspected stable coronary heart disease 

      Bjørnestad, Espen Ø.; Olset, Hilde; Dhar, Indu; Løland, Kjetil Halvorsen; Pedersen, Eva Ringdal; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Berge, Rolf K; Ueland, Per Magne; Tell, Grethe S.; Nilsen, Dennis W.T.; Jan E., Nordrehaug; Nygaard, Ellisif; Nygård, Ottar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background The carnitine precursor trimethyllysine (TML) is associated with progression of atherosclerosis, possibly through a relationship with trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO). Riboflavin is a cofactor in TMAO synthesis. ...
    • Cobalamin and folate status in women during early pregnancy in Bhaktapur, Nepal 

      Schwinger, Catherine; Sharma, Shakun; Chandyo, Ram K; Hysing, Mari; Kvestad, Ingrid; Ulak, Manjeswori; Ranjitkar, Suman; Shrestha, Merina; Shrestha, Laxman; McCann, Adrian; Ueland, Per Magne; Strand, Tor Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The demand for cobalamin (vitamin B12) and folate is increased during pregnancy, and deficiency during pregnancy may lead to complications and adverse outcomes. Yet, the status of these micronutrients is unknown in many ...
    • Dietary Intake and Biomarkers of Folate and Cobalamin Status in Norwegian Preschool Children: The FINS-KIDS Study 

      Solvik, Beate Stokke; Strand, Tor A; Kvestad, Ingrid; Markhus, Maria Wik; Ueland, Per Magne; McCann, Adrian; Øyen, Jannike (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: Folate and cobalamin (vitamin B-12) are essential for growth and development. However, few populationbased studies have investigated B-vitamin status in children. Objectives: This study aimed to assess biomarkers ...
    • Efect of high intake of cod or salmon on serum total neopterin concentration: a randomised clinical trial 

      Helland, Anita; Bratlie, Marianne; Hagen, Ingrid V.; Midttun, Øivind; Sveier, Harald; Mellgren, Gunnar; Ueland, Per Magne; Gudbrandsen, Oddrun Anita (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Purpose Primarily, to investigate the effect of high intake of cod (lean fish) or salmon (fatty fish) on serum concentration of total neopterin, a marker of cellular immune activation that is associated with cardiovascular ...
    • Effect of cod residual protein supplementation on markers of glucose regulation in lean adults: A randomized double-blind study 

      Vildmyren, Iselin; Halstensen, Alfred; McCann, Adrian; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Per Magne; Oterhals, Åge; Gudbrandsen, Oddrun Anita (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Large quantities of protein-rich cod residuals, which are currently discarded, could be utilized for human consumption. Although fish fillet intake is related to beneficial health effects, little is known about the potential ...
    • Effects of high intake of cod or salmon on gut microbiota profile, faecal output and serum concentrations of lipids and bile acids in overweight adults: a randomised clinical trial 

      Bratlie, Marianne; Hagen, Ingrid Valheim; Helland, Anita; Erchinger, Friedemann Georg; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Per Magne; Rosenlund, Grethe; Sveier, Harald; Mellgren, Gunnar; Hausken, Trygve; Gudbrandsen, Oddrun Anita (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-27)
      Purpose To explore whether high intake of cod or salmon would affect gut microbiota profile, faecal output and serum concentrations of lipids and bile acids. Methods Seventy-six adults with overweight/obesity with no ...
    • Effects of vitamin B12 supplementation on neurodevelopment and growth in Nepalese Infants: A randomized controlled trial 

      Strand, Tor A; Ulak Chandyo, Manjeswori; Hysing, Mari; Ranjitkar, Suman; Kvestad, Ingrid; Shrestha, Merina; Ueland, Per Magne; McCann, Adrian; Shrestha, Prakash S; Shrestha, Laxman P.; Chandyo, Ram K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Vitamin B12 deficiency is common and affects cell division and differentiation, erythropoiesis, and the central nervous system. Several observational studies have demonstrated associations between biomarkers ...
    • Elevated plasma cystathionine is associated with increased risk of mortality among patients with suspected or established coronary heart disease 

      Dhar, Indu; Lysne, Vegard; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Ueland, Per Magne; Gregory, Jesse F.; Bønaa, Kaare Harald; Nygård, Ottar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background Elevated circulating cystathionine levels are related to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, a leading cause of death globally. Objective We investigated whether plasma cystathionine was associated with ...
    • Five salmon dinners per week were not sufficient to prevent the reduction in serum vitamin D in autumn at 60° north latitude: A randomised trial 

      Bratlie, Marianne; Hagen, Ingrid Valheim; Helland, Anita; Midttun, Øivind; Ulvik, Arve; Rosenlund, Grethe; Sveier, Harald; Mellgren, Gunnar; Ueland, Per Magne; Gudbrandsen, Oddrun Anita (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Low serum concentrations of several vitamins have been linked to increased risk of diseases including insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Fish is a good source of several vitamins, and the prevalence of T2D is ...
    • Kynurenines, Neuropsychiatric Symptoms, and Cognitive Prognosis in Patients with Mild Dementia 

      Solvang, Stein-Erik Hafstad; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Aarsland, Dag; Lange, Johannes; Ueland, Per Magne; McCann, Adrian; Midttun, Øivind; Tell, Grethe S.; Melvær, Giil Lasse (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Introduction: Circulating tryptophan (Trp) and its downstream metabolites, the kynurenines, are potentially neuroactive. Consequently, they could be associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms and cognitive prognosis in ...
    • Lipid parameters and vitamin A modify cardiovascular risk prediction by plasma neopterin 

      Dhar, Indu; Siddique, Sumia; Pedersen, Eva Kristine Ringdal; Svingen, Gard FT; Lysne, Vegard; Olsen, Thomas; Nilsen, Dennis W.T.; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Per Magne; Tell, Grethe S; Nygård, Ottar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Objectives Oxidised cholesterol metabolites are linked to increased production of the active vitamin A (Vit-A) form and monocyte/macrophage activation, which may be reflected by neopterin, a marker of both interferon-γ–mediated ...
    • Metabolic analysis of amino acids and vitamin B6 pathways in lymphoma survivors with cancer related chronic fatigue 

      Fosså, Alexander; Smeland, Knut Bjøro; Fluge, Øystein; Tronstad, Karl Johan; Loge, Jon Håvard; Midtun, Øyvind; Ueland, Per Magne; Kiserud, Cecilie E. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Chronic cancer-related fatigue (CF) is a common and distressing condition in a subset of cancer survivors and common also after successful treatment of malignant lymphoma. The etiology and pathogenesis of CF is unknown, ...
    • Transsulfuration metabolites and the association with incident atrial fibrillation – An observational cohort study among Norwegian patients with stable angina pectoris 

      Svenningsson, Mads Malm; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Lysne, Vegard; Ueland, Per Magne; Tell, Grethe S.; Pedersen, Eva Ringdal; Dhar, Indu; Nilsen, Dennis W.T.; Nygård, Ottar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background/aim Plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) is elevated in patients with persistent vs. paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), and has been related to increased risk of new-onset AF. Homocysteine is degraded to cystathionine ...
    • Tryptophan catabolites as metabolic markers of vitamin B-6 status evaluated in cohorts of healthy adults and cardiovascular patients 

      Ulvik, Arve; Midttun, Øivind; McCann, Adrian; Meyer, Klaus; Tell, Grethe S.; Nygård, Ottar; Ueland, Per Magne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Vitamin B-6 status is routinely measured as pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP) in plasma. Low concentrations of PLP are associated with rheumatic, cardiovascular, and neoplastic diseases. We have previously shown ...
    • Vitamin B6 catabolism and lung cancer risk: Results from the Lung Cancer Cohort Consortium (LC3) 

      Zuo, Hui; Ueland, Per Magne; Midttun, Øivind; Tell, Grethe S.; Fanidi, Anouar; Zheng, Wei; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Xiang, Yong-Bing; Wu, Jie; Prentice, Ross L.; Pettinger, Mary; Thomson, Cynthia A.; Giles, Graham G.; Hodge, Allison M.; Cai, Qiuyin; Blot, William J.; Johansson, Mikael B.; Hultdin, Johan; Grankvist, Kjell; Stevens, Victoria L.; McCullough, Marjorie L.; Weinstein, Stephanie J.; Albanes, Demetrius; Ziegler, Regina G.; Freedman, Neal David; Caporaso, Neil E.; Langhammer, Arnulf; Hveem, Kristian; Næss, Marit; Buring, Julie E.; Lee, I-Min; Gaziano, John Michael; Severi, Gianluca; Zhang, Xuehong; Stampfer, Meir Jonathan; Han, Jiali; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Marchand, Loïc Le; Yuan, Jian-Min; Wang, Renwei; Koh, Woon-Puay; Gao, Yutang; Ericson, Ulrika C.; Visvanathan, Kala; Jones, Michael R.; Relton, Caroline Laura; Brennan, Paul J.; Johansson, Mattias; Ulvik, Arve (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-03)
      Background Increased vitamin B6 catabolism related to inflammation, as measured by the PAr index (the ratio of 4-pyridoxic acid over the sum of pyridoxal and pyridoxal-5'-phosphate), has been positively associated with ...