• Atherogenic Lipid Ratios Related to Myeloperoxidase and C-Reactive Protein Levels in Psychotic Disorders 

      Reponen, Elina Johanna; Dieset, Ingrid; Tesli, Martin Steen; Mørch, Ragni Helene; Aas, Monica; Vedal, Trude Seselie Jahr; Haug, Elisabeth; Drange, Ole Kristian; Steen, Nils Eiel; Hope, Sigrun; Szabo, Attila; Gohar, Sherif Mostafa Mohamed Ahmed; Wedervang-Resell, Kirsten; Djurovic, Srdjan; Melle, Ingrid; Aukrust, Pål; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Ueland, Thor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of premature death in patients with psychotic disorders, where dyslipidemia occurs frequently. In the pathogenesis of these serious mental disorders, a low-grade ...
    • Cannabis Use Is Associated With Increased Levels of Soluble gp130 in Schizophrenia but Not in Bipolar Disorder 

      Szabo, Attila; Akkouh, Ibrahim; Ueland, Thor; Lagerberg, Trine Vik; Dieset, Ingrid; Bjella, Thomas; Aukrust, Pål; Le Hellard, Stephanie; Stavrum, Anne-Kristin; Melle, Ingrid; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Djurovic, Srdjan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The complex effects of plant cannabinoids on human physiology is not yet fully understood, but include a wide spectrum of effects on immune modulation. The immune system and its inflammatory effector pathways are recently ...
    • Decreased IL-1β-induced CCL20 response in human iPSC-astrocytes in schizophrenia: Potential attenuating effects on recruitment of regulatory T cells 

      Akkouh, Ibrahim; Ueland, Thor; Hansson, Lars; Inderhaug, Elin; Hughes, Timothy; Steen, Nils Eiel; Aukrust, Pål; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Szabo, Attila; Djurovic, Srdjan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a severe mental disorder with a high heritability. Although its pathophysiology is mainly unknown, dysregulated immune activation and inflammation have recently emerged as possible candidates in the ...
    • Elevated markers of gut leakage and inflammasome activation in COVID-19 patients with cardiac involvement 

      Hoel, Hedda Benedicte; Heggelund, Lars; Reikvam, Dag Henrik; Stiksrud, Birgitte; Ueland, Thor; Michelsen, Annika; Otterdal, Kari; Muller, Karl Erik; Lind, Andreas; Müller, Fredrik; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Aukrust, Pål; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Holter, Jan Cato; Trøseid, Marius (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background A high proportion of COVID‐19 patients have cardiac involvement, even those without known cardiac disease. Downregulation of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a receptor for SARS‐CoV‐2 and the renin‐angiotensin ...
    • Gut microbiota-dependent trimethylamine N-oxide associates with inflammation in common variable immunodeficiency 

      Macpherson, Magnhild Eide; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Ueland, Thor; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Kummen, Martin; Otterdal, Kari; Holm, Kristian; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Trøseid, Marius; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål; Fevang, Børre; Jørgensen, Silje Fjellgård (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      A substantial proportion of patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) have inflammatory and autoimmune complications of unknown etiology. We have previously shown that systemic inflammation in CVID correlates ...
    • Hepcidin and Ferritin Predict Microbial Etiology in Community-Acquired Pneumonia 

      Oppen, Kjersti; Ueland, Thor; Siljan, William Ward; Skadberg, Øyvind; Brede, Cato; Lauritzen, Trine; Aukrust, Pål; Steinsvik, Trude; Husebye, Einar; Michelsen, Annika; Holter, Jan Cato; Heggelund, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Iron is crucial for survival and growth of microbes. Consequently, limiting iron availability is a human antimicrobial defense mechanism. We explored iron and iron-related proteins as potential biomarkers in ...
    • IL-18 and IL-18 binding protein are related to disease severity and parasitemia during falciparum malaria 

      Otterdal, Kari; Berg, Åse; Michelsen, Annika Elisabet; Yndestad, Arne; Patel, Sam; Gregersen, Ida; Halvorsen, Bente; Ueland, Thor; Langeland, Nina; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Several inflammatory molecules participate in the immune response to malaria. Interleukin (IL)-18 is an inflammatory cytokine activated by NLRP3 inflammasomes. In clinical falciparum malaria, with and without ...
    • Increased interleukin-6 and macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 are associated with respiratory failure in COVID-19 

      Jørgensen, Marthe Jøntvedt; Holter, Jan Cato; Christensen, Erik; Schjalm, Camilla; Tonby, Kristian; Pischke, Soeren; Jenum, Synne; Skeie, Linda Gail; Nur, Sarah; Lind, Andreas; Opsand, Hanne; Enersen, Tone Burvald; Grøndahl, Ragnhild; Hermann, Anne; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Müller, Fredrik; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Aukrust, Pål; Heggelund, Lars; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      In SARS-CoV-2 infection there is an urgent need to identify patients that will progress to severe COVID-19 and may benefit from targeted treatment. In this study we analyzed plasma cytokines in COVID-19 patients and ...
    • Low fibre intake is associated with gut microbiota alterations in chronic heart failure 

      Mayerhofer, Cristiane C.K.; Kummen, Martin; Holm, Kristian; Broch, Kaspar; Awoyemi, Ayodeji Olawale; Vestad, Beate; Larsen, Christopher Storm; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Ueland, Thor; Bohov, Pavol; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Gullestad, Lars; Yndestad, Arne; Aukrust, Pål; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Trøseid, Marius (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Aims Recent reports have suggested that patients with heart failure (HF) have an altered gut microbiota composition; however, associations with diet remain largely uninvestigated. We aimed to explore differences in the ...
    • Lower circulating neuron-specific enolase concentrations in adults and adolescents with severe mental illness 

      Andreou, Dimitrios; Steen, Nils Eiel; Jørgensen, Kjetil Nordbø; Smelror, Runar Elle; Wedervang-Resell, Kirsten; Nerland, Stener; Westlye, Lars Tjelta; Nærland, Terje; Myhre, Anne Margrethe; Joa, Inge; Reitan, Solveig Merete Klæbo; Vaaler, Arne; Morken, Gunnar; Bøen, Erlend; Elvsåshagen, Torbjørn; Boye, Birgitte; Malt, Ulrik Fredrik; Aukrust, Pål; Skrede, Silje; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Johnsen, Erik; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole; Ueland, Thor; Agartz, Ingrid (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Both neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental abnormalities have been suggested to be part of the etiopathology of severe mental illness (SMI). Neuron-specific enolase (NSE), mainly located in the neuronal ...
    • Neil3-dependent base excision repair regulates lipid metabolism and prevents atherosclerosis in Apoe-deficient mice 

      Skarpengland, Tonje; Holm, Sverre; Scheffler, Katja; Gregersen, Ida; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Suganthan, Rajikala; Segers, Filip; Østlie, Ingunn; Otten, Jeroen J.T.; Gomez, Luisa Fernanda Luna; Ketelhuth, Daniel F.J.; Lundberg, Anna M.; Neurauter, Christine Gran; Hildrestrand, Gunn Annette; Skjelland, Mona; Bjørndal, Bodil; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Iversen, Per Ole; Hedin, Ulf; Nygård, Ståle; Olstad, Ole Kristoffer; Krohg-Sørensen, Kirsten; Slupphaug, Geir; Eide, Lars; Kusnierczyk, Anna; Folkersen, Lasse; Ueland, Thor; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Hansson, Göran K.; Biessen, Erik A.L.; Halvorsen, Bente; Bjørås, Magnar; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative DNA damage accumulates in atherosclerosis. Recently, we showed that a genetic variant in the human DNA repair enzyme NEIL3 was associated with increased risk of myocardial ...
    • Plasma levels of interleukin 27 in falciparum malaria is increased independently of co-infection with HIV: potential immune-regulatory role during malaria 

      Otterdal, Kari; Berg, Åse; Michelsen, Annika; Patel, Sam; Gregersen, Ida; Sagen, Ellen Lund; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Langeland, Nina; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background The immune response during falciparum malaria mediates both harmful and protective effects on the host; however the participating molecules have not been fully defined. Interleukin (IL)-27 is a pleiotropic ...
    • Plasma parasitemia as assessed by quantitative PCR in relation to clinical disease severity in African adults with falciparum malaria with and without HIV co-infection 

      Berg, Åse; Patel, Sam; Tellevik, Marit Gjerde; Haanshuus, Christel Gill; Dalen, Ingvild; Otterdal, Kari; Ueland, Thor; Moyo, Sabrina John; Aukrust, Pål; Langeland, Nina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Purpose When considering malaria disease severity, estimation of parasitemia in erythrocytes is important, but sometimes misleading, since the infected erythrocytes may be sequestered in peripheral capillaries. In African ...
    • The relationship between Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 (FGF23) and cardiac MRI findings following primary PCI in patients with acute first time STEMI 

      Thorsen, Inga Strand; Gøransson, Lasse Gunnar; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål; Manhenke, Cord A; Skadberg, Øyvind; Jonsson, Grete; Ørn, Stein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a regulator of mineral metabolism, that has been linked to myocardial remodeling including development of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis. The ...
    • Rosuvastatin alters the genetic composition of the human gut microbiome 

      Kummen, Martin; Solberg, Ole Geir; Larsen, Christopher Storm; Holm, Kristian; Ragnarsson, Asgrimur; Trøseid, Marius; Vestad, Beate; Skårdal, Rita; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Gullestad, Lars; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Aaberge, Lars; Aukrust, Pål; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The gut microbiome contributes to the variation of blood lipid levels, and secondary bile acids are associated with the effect of statins. Yet, our knowledge of how statins, one of our most common drug groups, affect the ...
    • Systemic complement activation is associated with respiratory failure in COVID-19 hospitalized patients 

      Holter, Jan Cato; Pischke, Soeren; de Boer, Eline; Lind, Andreas; Jenum, Synne; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Tonby, Kristian; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Sokolova, Marina; Schjalm, Camilla; Chaban, Viktoriia; Kolderup, Anette; Tran, Trung; Tollefsrud Gjølberg, Torleif; Skeie, Linda Gail; Hesstvedt, Liv; Ormåsen, Vidar; Fevang, Børre; Austad, Cathrine; Muller, Karl Erik; Fladeby, Cathrine; Holberg-Petersen, Mona; Halvorsen, Bente; Müller, Fredrik; Aukrust, Pål; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Ueland, Thor; Andersen, Jan Terje; Lund-Johansen, Fridtjof; Heggelund, Lars; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Respiratory failure in the acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic is hypothesized to be driven by an overreacting innate immune response, where the complement system is a key player. In this prospective ...