• A 115,000-year-old expedient bone technology at Lingjing, Henan, China 

      Doyon, Luc; Li, Z; Wang, H; Geis, L; d'Errico, Francesco (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Activities attested since at least 2.6 Myr, such as stone knapping, marrow extraction, and woodworking may have allowed early hominins to recognize the technological potential of discarded skeletal remains and equipped ...
    • Earliest human burial in Africa 

      Martinon-Torres, Maria; d'Errico, Francesco; Santos, Elena; Alvaro Gallo, Ana; Amano, Noel; Archer, William; Armitage, Simon James; Arsuaga, Juan luis; Bermudez de Castro, Jose María; Blinkhorn, James; Crowther, Alison; Douka, Katerina; Dubernet, Stéphan; Faulkner, Patrick; Fernández-Colón, Pilar; Kourampas, Nikos; González García, Jorge; Larreina, David; Le Bourdonnec, François-Xavier; MacLeod, George; Martín-Francés, Laura; Massilani, Diyendo; Mercader, Julio; Miller, Jennifer M.; Ndiema, Emmanuel; Notario, Belén; Marti, Africa Pitarch; Prendergast, Mary E.; Queffelec, Alain; Rigaud, Solange; Roberts, Patrick; Shoaee, Mohammad Javad; Shipton, Ceri; Simpson, Ian; Boivin, Nicole; Petraglia, Michael D. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The origin and evolution of hominin mortuary practices are topics of intense interest and debate1,2,3. Human burials dated to the Middle Stone Age (MSA) are exceedingly rare in Africa and unknown in East Africa1,2,3,4,5,6. ...
    • An ecological niche shift for Neanderthal populations in Western Europe 70,000 years ago 

      Banks, William E.; Moncel, Marie-Helene; Raynal, J.P.; Cobos, MC; Romero-Alvarez, D; woillez, M-N; Faivre, Jean-Philippe; Gravina, Brad; d'Errico, Francesco; Locht, Jean-Luc; Santos, Frédéric (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Middle Paleolithic Neanderthal populations occupied Eurasia for at least 250,000 years prior to the arrival of anatomically modern humans. While a considerable body of archaeological research has focused on Neanderthal ...
    • Last Interglacial Iberian Neandertals as Fisher-Hunter-Gatherers 

      Zilhao, J; Angelucci, Diego; Araujo Igregia, M; Arnold, LJ; Badal, E; Callapez, P; Cardoso, JL; d'Errico, Francesco; Daura, J; Demuro, Martina; Deschamps, M; Dupont, Catherine; Gabriel, S; Hoffmann, Dirk L.; Legoinha, Paulo; Matias, Henrique; Monge Soares, A. M.; Nabais, Mariana; Portela, Paulo J. C.; Queffelec, Alain; Rodrigues, Filipe; Souto, Pedro (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Marine food–reliant subsistence systems such as those in the African Middle Stone Age (MSA) were not thought to exist in Europe until the much later Mesolithic. Whether this apparent lag reflects taphonomic biases or ...
    • New evidence of bone tool use by Early Pleistocene hominins from Cooper’s D, Bloubank Valley, South Africa 

      Hanon, Raphael; d'Errico, Francesco; Backwell, Lucinda R.; Prat, Sandrine; Pean, S; Pathou-Mathis, M (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Bone tool-use by Early Pleistocene hominins is at the centre of debates in human evolution. It is especially the case in South Africa, where 102 bone tools have been described from four Early Stone Age archaeological sites, ...
    • A Palaeolithic bird figurine from the Lingjing site, Henan, China 

      Li, Z; Doyon, Luc; Fang, Hui; Ledevin, Ronan; Queffelec, Alain; Raguin, Emilie; d'Errico, Francesco (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-10)
      The recent identification of cave paintings dated to 42–40 ka BP in Borneo and Sulawesi highlights the antiquity of painted representations in this region. However, no instances of three-dimensional portable art, well ...
    • Quantitative methods demonstrate that environment alone is an insufficient predictor of present-day language distributions in New Guinea 

      Antunes, Nicolas; Schiefenhövel, W; d'Errico, Francesco; Banks, William E.; Vanhaeren, Marian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Environmental parameters constrain the distributions of plant and animal species. A key question is to what extent does environment influence human behavior. Decreasing linguistic diversity from the equator towards the ...
    • Trajectories of cultural innovation from the Middle to Later Stone Age in Eastern Africa: Personal ornaments, bone artifacts, and ocher from Panga ya Saidi, Kenya 

      d'Errico, Francesco; Pitarch Marti, Africa; Shipton, Ceri; Le Vraux, Emma; Ndiema, Emmanuel; Goldstein, Steven; Petraglia, Michael D.; Boivin, Nicole (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-09)
      African Middle Stone Age (MSA) populations used pigments, manufactured and wore personal ornaments, made abstract engravings, and produced fully shaped bone tools. However, ongoing research across Africa reveals variability ...
    • Zhoukoudian Upper Cave personal ornaments and ochre: Rediscovery and reevaluation 

      d'Errico, Francesco; Pitarch Martí, Africa; Wei, Yi; Gao, Xing; Vanhaeren, Marian; Doyon, Luc (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Personal ornaments have become a key cultural proxy to investigate cognitive evolution, modern human dispersal, and population dynamics. Here, we reassess personal ornaments found at Zhoukoudian Upper Cave and compare them ...