Functional analysis and exterior calculus on mixed-dimensional geometries
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionAnnali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata. 2020 10.1007/s10231-020-01013-1
We are interested in differential forms on mixed-dimensional geometries, in the sense of a domain containing sets of d-dimensional manifolds, structured hierarchically so that each d-dimensional manifold is contained in the boundary of one or more d+1-dimensional manifolds. On any given d-dimensional manifold, we then consider differential operators tangent to the manifold as well as discrete differential operators (jumps) normal to the manifold. The combined action of these operators leads to the notion of a semi-discrete differential operator coupling manifolds of different dimensions. We refer to the resulting systems of equations as mixed-dimensional, which have become a popular modeling technique for physical applications including fractured and composite materials. We establish analytical tools in the mixed-dimensional setting, including suitable inner products, differential and codifferential operators, Poincaré lemma, and Poincaré–Friedrichs inequality. The manuscript is concluded by defining the mixed-dimensional minimization problem corresponding to the Hodge Laplacian, and we show that this minimization problem is well-posed.