Role for ribosome-associated quality control in sampling proteins for MHC class I-mediated antigen presentation
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2020, 117 (8), 4099-4108. 10.1073/pnas.1914401117
Pathogens and tumors are detected by the immune system through the display of intracellular peptides on MHC-I complexes. These peptides are generated by the ubiquitin−proteasome system preferentially from newly synthesized polypeptides. Here we show that the ribosome-associated quality control (RQC) pathway, responsible for proteasomal degradation of polypeptide chains that stall during translation, mediates efficient antigen presentation of model proteins independent of their intrinsic folding properties. Immunopeptidome characterization of RQC-deficient cells shows that RQC contributes to the presentation of a wide variety of proteins, including proteins that may otherwise evade presentation due to efficient folding. By identifying endogenous substrates of the RQC pathway in human cells, our results also enable the analysis of common principles causing ribosome stalling under physiological conditions.