Evaluation of Gaussian wake models under different atmospheric stability conditions: Comparison with large eddy simulation results
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonJournal of Physics: Conference Series (JPCS). 2020, 1669, 012016 10.1088/1742-6596/1669/1/012016
The calculation of the velocity deficit in the wake of individual wind turbines is a fundamental part of the wind farm analysis. A good approximation of the wake deficit behind a single wind turbine will improve the power estimation for downwind turbines. Large-eddy simulation (LES) is a research tool widely used in studying the velocity deficit and turbulence intensity in the wake. However, the computational cost of the LES prevents its application in wind farm performance analysis and control. Existing analytical wake models provide a fast estimation of the velocity deficit and the wake expansion rate downstream from the rotor. The Gaussian wake models use a Gaussian distribution to improve the prediction of the wake velocity deficit. With the number of analytical models available, an extensive evaluation of their performance under different flow parameters is needed. In this work, we simulate a wake of a single wind turbine using the LES code PALM (Parallelized LES Model) combined with an actuator disc model with rotation. We compare the computed flow field with the predictions made by Gaussian models and fit their parameters to obtain the best possible fit for the wake field data as computed by LES.