Pre-cementation procedures’ effect on dental zirconias with different yttria content
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionDental Materials. 2021, 37 (9), 1425-1436. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2021.07.001
Objectve Several pre-cementation procedures have been advocated to enhance adhesion between zirconia and resin-based cement. There is, however, limited documentation on how these pre-treatments affect the strength of zirconia crowns as most tests are performed on discs or bars. The aim was to assess the effect of pre-cementation procedures on fracture mode, fracture strength and cement retention on zirconia. Methods Two dental zirconia materials with different yttria content were assessed (<4 and>5 mol%). Both discs (n = 45) and crown-shaped specimens (n = 30) of the two materials were pretreated with either air-abrasion or hot-etching with KHF2 and compared with untreated controls with regards to surface roughness, crystallography, wettability, cement adhesion and fracture strength. Results and Significance Air-abrasion improves adhesion and strength of zirconia with moderate yttria content (<4 mol%). Acid etching with heated KHF2 showed the best effect on strength and cement retention on zirconia with higher yttria content (>5 mol%). Application of KHF2 was, however, complicated on crown-shaped specimens. Pre-treatment and cementation protocols should be optimized for different dental zirconias to improve both strength and retention.