Recovery at the Clubhouse: challenge, responsibility and growing into a role
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionInternational Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being. 2021, 16 (1), 1938957. 10.1080/17482631.2021.1938957
Purpose: To explore how people with mental illness experience recovery in the Clubhouse context, and which ingredients of the model they find active in promoting recovery. Methods: Hermeneutic–phenomenological design. Individual, semi-structured interviews with 18 Norwegian Clubhouse members. Systematic text condensation was used in analysis. Results: Three main themes emerged: “Balancing unlimited support with meeting challenges”, with two sub-themes: “Unlimited membership: space for self-agency or hindering development?” and “Becoming a Clubhouse member: concerns and positive experiences”. The second main theme was: “Learning how to build new skills and roles in the community”. The third main theme was: “Getting better through and for work”, with two sub-themes: “Work at the Clubhouse as a means to recovery” and “Preparing for a working life in society”. Overall, participants experienced improved mental and social wellbeing and work readiness. Conclusions: Recovery in the Clubhouse context requires members’ personal initiative, thus people having poor mental health might struggle with utilizing the Clubhouse. However, participants reported that lack of challenges within the community thwarted their recovery. Based on Salutogenesis, conscious application of challenge in Clubhouse activities might enhance members’ recovery. Furthermore, participants’ all-round involvement in their recovery journeys suggests the importance of shared decision-making in recovery-oriented services.