Leucine did not stimulate growth and accretion in either stressed or unstressed Atlantic salmon
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionAquaculture Nutrition, 2021. 10.1111/anu.13377
The aim of the current trial was to test whether leucine affected growth and accretion including test any effects on leucine upon stress. Quadruplicate tanks each containing 50 Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) (mean start body weight of 524 ± 28 g) were fed diets containing 27.3, 30.0, 35.0 and 41.0 g leucine/kg diet for 74 days. Two tanks per dietary group were exposed to a stressor (5 min chasing) three days a week to test whether enriched leucine diet aid coping with chronic stress, while two tanks per dietary groups were left unstressed. The stressed fish consumed less feed and grew less than the unstressed fish, irrespective of diet. Leucine inclusion did not affect protein accretion, but leucine retention declined with increasing dietary leucine in both stressed and unstressed fish. No difference between the stressed or unstressed fish was present. Leucine did not affect relative liver size, but unstressed fish had slightly higher relative liver size compared with stressed fish (p = 0.05). Free leucine in the muscle and liver was not affected by dietary leucine, but unstressed fish had higher concentration of valine and isoleucine in the muscle compared with the stressed fish. Muscle of fish fed elevated leucine had lower mRNA expression of murf1 (p = 0.037) and higher expression of ppara (p = 0.012). Muscle of stressed fish had higher expression of the oxydative genes mnsod (p = 0.049) and catalase (p = 0.037) compared with the fish left unstressed, while in liver, there were no differences of expression of any of the genes tested. In conclusion, diets enriched in leucine had minor effects and neither protein accretion nor growth was affected in either stressed or unstressed fish.