Actions on sustainable food production and consumption for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework
Delabre, Izabela; Rodriguez, Lily O.; Smallwood, Joanna Miller; Scharlemann, Jörn P.W.; Alcamo, Joseph; Antonarakis, Alexander S.; Rowhani, Pedram; Hazell, Richard J.; Aksnes, Dag Lorents; Balvanera, Patricia; Lundquist, Carolyn J.; Gresham, Charlotte; Alexander, Anthony E.; Stenseth, Nils Christian
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonScience Advances. 2021, 7 (12), eabc8259. 10.1126/sciadv.abc8259
Current food production and consumption trends are inconsistent with the Convention on Biological Diversity’s 2050 vision of living in harmony with nature. Here, we examine how, and under what conditions, the post-2020 biodiversity framework can support transformative change in food systems. Our analysis of actions proposed in four science-policy fora reveals that subsidy reform, valuation, food waste reduction, sustainability standards, life cycle assessments, sustainable diets, mainstreaming biodiversity, and strengthening governance can support more sustainable food production and consumption. By considering barriers and opportunities of implementing these actions in Peru and the United Kingdom, we derive potential targets and indicators for the post-2020 biodiversity framework. For targets to support transformation, genuine political commitment, accountability and compliance, and wider enabling conditions and actions by diverse agents are needed to shift food systems onto a sustainable path.