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dc.contributor.authorBusch, Kathrin
dc.contributor.authorSlaby, Beate M.
dc.contributor.authorBach, Wolfgang
dc.contributor.authorBoetius, Antje
dc.contributor.authorClefsen, Ina
dc.contributor.authorColaço, Ana
dc.contributor.authorCreemers, Marie
dc.contributor.authorCristobo, Javier
dc.contributor.authorFederwisch, Luisa
dc.contributor.authorFranke, Andre
dc.contributor.authorGavriilidou, Asimenia
dc.contributor.authorHethke, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorKenchington, Ellen
dc.contributor.authorMienis, Furu
dc.contributor.authorMills, Sadie
dc.contributor.authorRiesgo, Ana
dc.contributor.authorRíos, Pilar
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Emyr Martyn
dc.contributor.authorSipkema, Detmer
dc.contributor.authorPita, Lucía
dc.contributor.authorSchupp, Peter J.
dc.contributor.authorXavier, Joana R.
dc.contributor.authorRapp, Hans Tore
dc.contributor.authorHentschel, Ute
dc.description.abstractIn the deep ocean symbioses between microbes and invertebrates are emerging as key drivers of ecosystem health and services. We present a large-scale analysis of microbial diversity in deep-sea sponges (Porifera) from scales of sponge individuals to ocean basins, covering 52 locations, 1077 host individuals translating into 169 sponge species (including understudied glass sponges), and 469 reference samples, collected anew during 21 ship-based expeditions. We demonstrate the impacts of the sponge microbial abundance status, geographic distance, sponge phylogeny, and the physical-biogeochemical environment as drivers of microbiome composition, in descending order of relevance. Our study further discloses that fundamental concepts of sponge microbiology apply robustly to sponges from the deep-sea across distances of >10,000 km. Deep-sea sponge microbiomes are less complex, yet more heterogeneous, than their shallow-water counterparts. Our analysis underscores the uniqueness of each deep-sea sponge ground based on which we provide critical knowledge for conservation of these vulnerable ecosystems.en_US
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleBiodiversity, environmental drivers, and sustainability of the global deep-sea sponge microbiomeen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2022 the authorsen_US
dc.source.journalNature Communicationsen_US
dc.identifier.citationNature Communications. 2022, 13, 5160.en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal