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dc.contributor.authorSortland, Lene
dc.contributor.authorLennox, Robert
dc.contributor.authorVelle, Gaute
dc.contributor.authorVollset, Knut
dc.contributor.authorKambestad, Marius
dc.description.abstract1. The return of the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) to western Norway has sparked human–predator conflicts because otters prey on vulnerable Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) populations. Although predation may not be the ultimate cause of salmon population declines, otters that kill adult salmon in rivers before they spawn impact the salmon spawning stock, with potential consequences for stock recruitment and ecosystem services (especially fisheries). 2. To gain insight into impacts of otter predation on salmon populations, we quantified the predation by otters on adult salmon in two rivers in western Norway using a combination of radiotelemetry and temperature loggers. We tagged 30 salmon in Aureelva and 30 salmon in Søre Vartdalselva, and tracked the salmon until they died or left the river. 3. This method identified the fates of 95% of tagged salmon. Estimated predation rates on adult salmon were 32% in Aureelva and 95% in Søre Vartdalselva. The salmon stock in Søre Vartdalselva was well below the spawning target, partly attributable to putatively additive mortality from predation by otters. Notwithstanding, we found no evidence that otters selectively killed salmon based on sex, length, health status, or activity level. 4. Salmon in Søre Vartdalselva had greater predation risk compared to salmon in Aureelva, possibly due to differences in habitat types such as availability of holding pools. The presence of more holding area in Aureelva probably provided predation refuges for adult salmon that buffered the effectiveness of otter predation. 5. Our findings emphasise that management decisions should be guided by riverspecific evaluations of impacts of predation on salmon. Otters are a very visible predator operating at the final phase of the life cycle before spawning, so predation is liable to be controversial given that salmon are now Red Listed in Norway. additive mortality, migration, selection, spawning, telemetryen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleImpacts of predation by Eurasian otters on Atlantic salmon in two Norwegian riversen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2023 The Author(s)en_US
dc.source.journalFreshwater Biologyen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: Hofseth Aquaen_US
dc.relation.projectMiljødirektoratet: 21S0629Een_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoology and botany: 480en_US
dc.identifier.citationFreshwater Biology. 2023, 68 (7), 1176-1193.en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal