Oral appliance treatment in moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnoea patients non-adherent to CPAP
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of individually adjusted custom-made mandibular advancement device/oral appliance (OA) in treatment of patients with moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), who were non-adherent to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. During 2007-2013, 116 patients with moderate (n = 82) and severe (n = 34) OSA non-adherent to CPAP treatment were referred for dental management with an individually adjusted OA at a specialist sleep clinic. Ten of the participants (8·6%) were lost to follow-up, leaving the data set to consist of 106 patients (71 men/35 women, mean age 57 year, range 28-90). Nocturnal respiratory polygraphic recordings were performed at baseline and follow-up. Average time between baseline polygraphy and follow-up was 12 months. A successful OA treatment outcome was based on polygraphy at the follow-up and divided into three groups: 1 = AHI <5; 2 = 5 ≤ AHI <10 and >50% reduction in baseline AHI; and 3. >50% reduction in baseline AHI. If there was a ≤ 50% reduction in baseline AHI at the follow-up, the treatment was considered as a failure. The overall treatment success rate was 75%. There was no significant difference in success rates between patients in the moderate and severe categories (69% and 77%, respectively). Low oxygen saturation (SpO2 nadir) had a high predictive value for OA treatment failure. OA treatment of patients non-adherent to CPAP is efficient and especially promising for the severe OSA group who are at greatest risks for developing serious comorbidities, if left untreated.