• Abort og fosterreduksjon: En etisk sammenligning 

      Dahl, Silje Langseth; Vaksdal, Rebekka Hylland; Barra, Mathias; Gamlund, Espen; Solberg, Carl Tollef (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      De siste årene har fosterreduksjon i økende grad vært gjenstand for debatt i Norge, og intensiteten nådde et foreløpig maksimum da Lovavdelingen leverte tolknings-uttalelsen § 2 - Tolkning av abortloven i 2016 som svar på ...
    • Adam Smith og myten om den usynlige hånd 

      Svendsen, Lars Fredrik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Adam Smith tillegges ofte en teori om en «usynlig hånd» som skal garantere at hvis alle aktører fremmer sin egennytte, vil man derigjennom også fremme fellesnytten. Ingen av de tre forekomstene av uttrykket «usynlig hånd» ...
    • Affirmative citation bias in scientific myth debunking: A three-in-one case study 

      Letrud, Kåre; Hernes, Sigbjørn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-09-09)
      Several uncorroborated, false, or misinterpreted conceptions have for years been widely distributed in academic publications, thus becoming scientific myths. How can such misconceptions persist and proliferate within the ...
    • Attitudes towards transfers of human tissue samples across borders: An international survey of researchers and policy makers in five countries 

      Zhang, Xinqing; Matsui, Kenji; Krohmal, Benjamin; Zeid, Alaa Abou; Muthuswamy, Vasantha; Koo, Young Mo; Kita, Yoshikuni; Lie, Reidar K. (Journal article, 2010-09-16)
      Background: Sharing of tissue samples for research and disease surveillance purposes has become increasingly important. While it is clear that this is an area of intense, international controversy, there is an absence of ...
    • Bevissthet 

      Hansen, Mette Kristine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Denne artikkelen tar for seg noen av de viktigste problemstillingene som har vært debattert innen bevissthetsfilosofien de siste 25 årene. I første del omtales ulike former for bevissthet, og ulike måter å definere bevissthet. ...
    • Bioethical Implications of Globalization: An International Consortium Project of the European Commission 

      Novotny, Thomas E.; Mordini, Emilio; Chadwick, Ruth; Pedersen, J. Martin; Fabbri, Fabrizio; Lie, Reidar K.; Thanachaiboot, Natapong; Mossialos, Elias; Permanand, Govin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2006-01-24)
      The term “globalization” was popularized by Marshall McLuhan in War and Peace in the Global Village. In the book, McLuhan described how the global media shaped current events surrounding the Vietnam War [1] and also predicted ...
    • Boolean Difference-Making: A Modern Regularity Theory of Causation 

      Baumgartner, Michael Clemens; Falk, Christoph (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      A regularity theory of causation analyses type-level causation in terms of Boolean difference-making. The essential ingredient that helps this theoretical framework overcome the problems of Hume’s and Mill’s classical ...
    • Boolean negation and non-conservativity I: Relevant modal logics 

      Øgaard, Tore Fjetland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Many relevant logics are conservatively extended by Boolean negation. Not all, however. This paper shows an acute form of non-conservativeness, namely that the Boolean-free fragment of the Boolean extension of a relevant ...
    • Boolean negation and non-conservativity II: The variable-sharing property 

      Øgaard, Tore Fjetland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Many relevant logics are conservatively extended by Boolean negation. Not all, however. This paper shows an acute form of non-conservativeness, namely that the Boolean-free fragment of the Boolean extension of a relevant ...
    • Boolean negation and non-conservativity III: the Ackermann constant 

      Øgaard, Tore Fjetland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      It is known that many relevant logics can be conservatively extended by the truth constant known as the Ackermann constant. It is also known that many relevant logics can be conservatively extended by Boolean negation. ...
    • A brief update on editions offered by the Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen and licences for their use (as of June 2018) 

      Pichler, Alois (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The paper presents the resources offered by the Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen (WAB) on Wittgenstein Source. Moreover, it describes the conditions for their use. Finally, the paper also briefly introduces ...
    • A brief update on editions offered by the Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen and licences for their use (as of June 2018) 

      Pichler, Alois (Journal article, 2018)
      The paper presents the resources offered by the Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen (WAB) on Wittgenstein Source. Moreover, it describes the conditions for their use. Finally, the paper also briefly introduces ...
    • Case Study Research in the Social Sciences 

      Ylikoski, Petri; Zahle, Julie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      In this paper, we offer an introduction to case study research in the social sciences. We begin with a discussion of the definition of case study research. Next, we point to various purposes that case study research may ...
    • Climate change denial, freedom of speech and global justice 

      Lavik, Trygve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      In this paper I claim that there are moral reasons for making climate denialism illegal . First I define climate denialism, and then I discuss its impact on society and its reception in the media. I build my philosophical ...
    • Coincidence analysis: a new method for causal inference in implementation science 

      Whitaker, Rebecca; Sperber, Nina; Baumgartner, Michael Clemens; Thiem, Alrik; Cragun, Deborah; Damschroder, Laura; Miech, Edward J.; Slade, Alecia; Birken, Sarah (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Implementation of multifaceted interventions typically involves many diverse elements working together in interrelated ways, including intervention components, implementation strategies, and features of local ...
    • Comparative effectiveness research: what to do when experts disagree about risks 

      Lie, Reidar K.; Chan, Francis KL; Grady, Christine; Ng, Vincent; Wendler, David (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-06-19)
      Background: Ethical issues related to comparative effectiveness research, or research that compares existing standards of care, have recently received considerable attention. In this paper we focus on how Ethics Review ...
    • Conceptions of Temporality: Reconsidering Time in an Age of Impending Emergency 

      Sampson, Kristin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The predominant contemporary concept of time is arguably measurable time, promoted as being in accordance with science. This is commonly understood as the time of physics, as, for instance, E. A. Milne claims in an article ...
    • Conducting human challenge studies in LMICs: A survey of researchers and ethics committee members in Thailand 

      Kaewkungwal, Jaranit; Adams, Pornpimon; Sattabongkot, Jetsumon; Lie, Reidar K; Wendler, David (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Questions have been raised over the acceptability of conducting human challenge studies in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Most of these concerns are based on theoretical considerations and there exists little ...
    • Configurational Causal Modeling and Logic Regression 

      Baumgartner, Michael Clemens; Falk, Christoph (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Configurational comparative methods (CCMs) and logic regression methods (LRMs) are two families of exploratory methods that employ very different techniques to analyze data generated by causal structures featuring conjunctural ...
    • Confused Entailment 

      Øgaard, Tore Fjetland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Priest argued in his paper Fusion and Confusion (Priest, 2015a) for a new concept of logical consequence over the relevant logic B, one where premises my be “confused” together. This paper develops Priest’s idea. Whereas ...