Impact of proteinase 3 versus myeloperoxidase positivity on risk of end-stage renal disease in ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis stratified by histological classification: A population-based cohort study
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Background: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) risk in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody- (ANCA-) associated glomerulonephritis (ANCA-GN) according to ANCA serotype and stratified by histological classification has not been previously investigated. Methods: Patients from the Norwegian Kidney Biopsy Registry (NKBR) between 1991 and 2012 who had biopsy-verified pauci-immune glomerulonephritis and positive antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody serology were included. Cases with ESRD during follow-up were identified in the Norwegian Renal Registry. ESRD-free survival with proteinase 3 (PR3) versus myeloperoxidase- (MPO-) ANCA positivity stratified into 4 histological classes was investigated. Results: Three hundred fifty-eight patients, of whom 87 progressed to ESRD during follow-up, were included. Patients with PR3- as compared to MPOANCA were younger (58 versus 64 years, p = 0 001), had a higher percentage of males (62 versus 41%, p < 0 001), had a lower percentage with a sclerozing glomerulonephritis pattern (4 versus 16%, p < 0 001), and had a significantly higher cumulative ESRD-free survival (90 versus 80%, p = 0 007) at 1-year follow-up. No significant differences in cumulative ESRD-free survival with PR3- as compared to MPO-ANCA were observed by histological stratification. Conclusion: Advanced glomerular sclerosis is found more frequently in patients with MPO-ANCA, explaining the higher risk of ESRD. ANCA serotypes have no impact on prognosis of patients with similar histological findings.