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dc.contributor.authorLallukka, Tea
dc.contributor.authorKerkelä, Martta
dc.contributor.authorRistikari, Tiina
dc.contributor.authorMerikukka, Marko
dc.contributor.authorHiilamo, Heikki
dc.contributor.authorVirtanen, Marianna
dc.contributor.authorØverland, Simon Nygaard
dc.contributor.authorGissler, Mika
dc.contributor.authorHalonen, Jaana I
dc.PublishedLallukka T, Kerkelä, Ristikari T, Merikukka, Hiilamo H, Virtanen M, Øverland SØ, Gissler M, Halonen JI. Determinants of long-term unemployment in early adulthood: A Finnish birth cohort study. SSM - Population Health. 2019;8:100410eng
dc.description.abstractCumulative contributions of social and health-related determinants to long-term unemployment during early working life among young adults are poorly understood. Therefore, we used four cumulative indices of both parental and own social and health-related determinants of such unemployment among a cohort which comprised a complete census of children born in Finland in 1987. The cohort participants were registered in the Medical Birth Register, and they were followed-up through 2015 (N = 46 521). We calculated predicted probabilities for long-term unemployment (> 12 months) when participants were 25–28 years. Moreover, we examined whether the associations differed by unemployment at the municipal level. During the follow-up, 4.5% of women and 7.1% of men experienced long-term unemployment. All cumulative indices of parental and own social and health-related determinants predicted the probability of long-term unemployment. The greatest probabilities were observed for own social determinants, both in municipalities with high and low unemployment although the probabilities were higher in the high-unemployment municipalities. Of the individual determinants, poor school performance showed the strongest association with long-term unemployment among women (OR 6.65, 95% CI 5.21–8.55) and men (OR 3.70, 95% CI 2.96–4.67), after adjusting for other own social determinants. The results highlight the importance of life course social equality in the prevention of long-term unemployment in early adulthood.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution CC BY-NC-NDeng
dc.subjectSocial determinantseng
dc.subjectPsychiatric diagnoseseng
dc.subjectTeen-age pregnancieseng
dc.subjectSchool performanceeng
dc.subjectChild protection actioneng
dc.titleDeterminants of long-term unemployment in early adulthood: A Finnish birth cohort studyeng
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2019 The Author(s)eng
dc.source.journalSSM - Population Health

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