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dc.contributor.authorNürnberg, Dieteren_US
dc.contributor.authorSaftoiu, Adrianen_US
dc.contributor.authorBarreiros, Ana Paulaen_US
dc.contributor.authorBurmester, Eikeen_US
dc.contributor.authorIvan, Elena Tatianaen_US
dc.contributor.authorClevert, Dirk-Andréen_US
dc.contributor.authorDietrich, Christoph F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGilja, Odd Helgeen_US
dc.contributor.authorLorentzen, Torbenen_US
dc.contributor.authorMaconi, Giovannien_US
dc.contributor.authorMihmanli, Ismailen_US
dc.contributor.authorNolsøe, Christian Pállsonen_US
dc.contributor.authorPfeffer, Franken_US
dc.contributor.authorRafaelsen, Søren Rafaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorSpârchez, Zenoen_US
dc.contributor.authorVilmann, Peteren_US
dc.contributor.authorWaage, Jo Erling Riiseen_US
dc.PublishedNürnberg D, Saftoiu A, Barreiros, Burmester E, Ivan, Clevert D, Dietrich CF, Gilja OH, Lorentzen T, Maconi G, Mihmanli I, Nolsøe CP, Pfeffer F, Rafaelsen, Spârchez Z, Vilmann P, Waage JER. EFSUMB recommendations for gastrointestinal ultrasound part 3: Endorectal, endoanal and perineal ultrasound. Ultrasound International Open. 2019;5(1):E34-E51eng
dc.description.abstractThis article represents part 3 of the EFSUMB Recommendations and Guidelines for Gastrointestinal Ultrasound (GIUS). It provides an overview of the examination techniques recommended by experts in the field of endorectal/endoanal ultrasound (ERUS/EAUS), as well as perineal ultrasound (PNUS). The most important indications are rectal tumors and inflammatory diseases like fistula and abscesses in patients with or without inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). PNUS sometimes is more flexible and convenient compared to ERUS. However, the technique of ERUS is quite well established, especially for the staging of rectal cancer. EAUS also gained ground in the evaluation of perianal diseases like fistulas, abscesses and incontinence. For the staging of perirectal tumors, the use of PNUS in addition to conventional ERUS could be recommended. For the staging of anal carcinomas, PNUS can be a good option because of the higher resolution. Both ERUS and PNUS are considered excellent guidance methods for invasive interventions, such as the drainage of fluids or targeted biopsy of tissue lesions. For abscess detection and evaluation, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) also helps in therapy planning.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives CC BY-NC-NDeng
dc.titleEFSUMB recommendations for gastrointestinal ultrasound part 3: Endorectal, endoanal and perineal ultrasounden_US
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright Georg Thieme Verlag
dc.source.journalUltrasound International Open

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