Measurement of renal functional response using iohexol clearance—a study of different outpatient procedures
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Background: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) increases after a heavy protein load; an increase termed renal functional response (RFR). Decreased RFR could be a marker of early kidney damage, but published methods are cumbersome in the outpatient setting. The present study investigates the use of iohexol clearance to measure RFR in outpatients using both one- and two-sample methods. Methods: Fourteen healthy volunteers with a mean ± SD age of 42 ± 12 years were included (six males and eight females). GFR was measured using plasma iohexol clearance with one- and two-sample methodologies. Four measurements in each individual were performed: one baseline test and three protein loading tests containing 80 g protein (commercially available protein supplementations from Myo Nutrition and Proteinfabrikken and 350 g chicken breast). RFR was calculated as percentage increase in GFR from the baseline test. Results: Mean RFR was 11.4 ± 5.4% and 12.1 ± 6.4% using one- and two-sample methods, respectively. The three different protein loads resulted in similar mean RFR but there was considerable intra-individual variability. One- and two-sample methods for measurement of RFR showed similar results with near-identical means, but there was some intra-individual variation that was similar for different protein loads. The overall 95% limit of agreement between one- and two-sample methods for calculating RFR was −8.7 to 7.3. Conclusions: RFR can be investigated using plasma iohexol clearance in an outpatient setting. Protocols using commercially available protein supplementation showed a mean RFR of about 12%. One- and two-sample methods for measuring RFR yield similar results.