• Altered Gut Microbial Metabolism of Essential Nutrients in Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis 

      Kummen, Martin; Thingholm, Louise B.; Rühlemann, Malte C.; Holm, Kristian; Hansen, Simen Hyll; Moitinho-Silva, Lucas; Liwinski, Timur; Zenouzi, Roman; Larsen, Christopher Storm; Midttun, Øivind; McCann, Adrian; Ueland, Per Magne; Høivik, Marte Lie; Vesterhus, Mette; Trøseid, Marius; Laudes, Matthias; Lieb, Wolfgang; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Bang, Corinna; Schramm, Christoph; Franke, Andre; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background & Aims To influence host and disease phenotype, compositional microbiome changes, which have been demonstrated in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), must be accompanied by functional changes. ...
    • Amniotic fluid arginine from gestational weeks 13 to 15 is a predictor of birth weight, length, and head circumference 

      Jenssen, Astrid Bjørke; Ueland, Per Magne; Monsen, Anne Lise Bjørke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-12-14)
      Arginine is a constituent of proteins and a precursor for polyamines and nitric oxide, and is essential for placentation, angiogenesis, and growth. Maternal plasma arginine concentrations are found to be lower in pregnancies ...
    • The Association between Progression of Atherosclerosis and the Methylated Amino Acids Asymmetric Dimethylarginine and Trimethyllysine 

      Løland, Kjetil Halvorsen; Bleie, Øyvind; Borgeraas, Heidi; Strand, Elin; Ueland, Per Magne; Svardal, Asbjørn; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Nygård, Ottar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-05-29)
      Objective: We previously showed that treatment with folic acid (FA)/B12 was associated with more rapid progression of coronary artery disease (CAD). High doses of FA may induce methylation by increasing the availability ...
    • Associations of neopterin and kynurenine–tryptophan ratio with survival in primary sclerosing cholangitis 

      Dhillon, Amandeep Kaur; Rupp, Christian; Bergquist, Annika; Voitl, Robert; Folseraas, Trine; Trøseid, Marius; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Per Magne; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Vesterhus, Mette Nåmdal; Kummen, Martin; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background and aims Biomarkers of inflammation may be of clinical utility in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). We aimed to investigate the interferon gamma-related biomarkers neopterin and kynurenine–tryptophanratio ...
    • B vitamin treatments modify the risk of myocardial infarction associated with a MTHFD1 polymorphism in patients with stable angina pectoris 

      Ding, Yunpeng; Pedersen, Eva Ringdal; Johansson, Stefan; Gregory III, Jesse F.; Ueland, Per Magne; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Helgeland, Øyvind; Meyer, Klaus; Fredriksen, Åse; Nygård, Ottar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-06)
      Background: Methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (MTHFD1) catalyzes three sequential reactions that metabolize derivatives of tetrahydrofolate (THF) in folate-dependent one-carbon metabolism. Impaired MTHFD1 flux has ...
    • Betaine as a determinant of postmethionine load total plasma homocysteine before and after B-Vitamin supplementation 

      Holm, Pål Ivar; Bleie, Øyvind; Ueland, Per Magne; Lien, Ernst Asbjørn; Refsum, Helga; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Nygård, Ottar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2004)
      Objective—Betaine is a substrate in the betaine– homocysteine methyltransferase reaction, converting homocysteine to methionine. There are only sparse data on plasma betaine as a determinant of the plasma total homocysteine ...
    • Bioinformatic and Genetic Association Analysis of MicroRNA Target Sites in One-Carbon Metabolism Genes 

      Stone, Nicole; Pangilinan, Faith; Molloy, Anne M.; Shane, Barry; Scott, John M.; Ueland, Per Magne; Mills, James L.; Kirke, Peader N.; Sethupathy, Praveen; Brody, Lawrence C. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-07-12)
      One-carbon metabolism (OCM) is linked to DNA synthesis and methylation, amino acid metabolism and cell proliferation. OCM dysfunction has been associated with increased risk for various diseases, including cancer and neural ...
    • Cellular immune activity biomarker neopterin is associated hyperlipidemia: results from a large population-based study 

      Chuang, Shu-Chun; Boeing, Heiner; Vollset, Stein Emil; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Per Magne; Bueno-de-Mesquita, Bas; Lajous, Martin; Fagherazzi, Guy; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Kaaks, Rudolf; Küehn, Tilman; Pischon, Tobias; Drogan, Dagmar; Tjønneland, Anne; Overvad, Kim; Quirós, J. Ramón; Agudo, Antonio; Molina-Montes, Esther; Dorronsoro, Miren; Huerta, José María; Barricarte, Aurelio; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Travis, Ruth C.; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Lagiou, Pagona; Trichopoulos, Dimitrios; Masala, Giovanna; Agnoli, Claudia; Tumino, Rosario; Mattiello, Amalia; Peeters, Petra H.; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Palmqvist, Richard; Ljuslinder, Ingrid; Gunter, Marc; Lu, Yunxia; Cross, Amanda J.; Riboli, Elio; Vineis, Paolo; Aleksandrova, Krasimira (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-02-25)
      Background: Increased serum neopterin had been described in older age two decades ago. Neopterin is a biomarker of systemic adaptive immune activation that could be potentially implicated in metabolic syndrome (MetS). ...
    • Circulating concentrations of biomarkers and metabolites related to Vitamin status, one-carbon and the kynurenine pathways in US, Nordic, Asian, and Australian populations 

      Midttun, Øivind; Theofylaktopoulou, Despoina; Mccann, Adrian; Fanidi, Anouar; Muller, David C.; Meyer, Klaus; Ulvik, Arve; Zheng, Wei; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Xiang, Yong-Bing; Prentice, Ross; Thomson, Cynthia A.; Pettinger, Mary; Giles, Graham G.; Hodge, Allison; Cai, Qiuyin; Blot, William J.; Wu, Jie; Johansson, Mikael; Hultdin, Johan; Grankvist, Kjell; Stevens, Victoria L.; McCullough, Marjorie L.; Weinstein, Stephanie J.; Albanes, Demetrius; Langhammer, Arnulf; Hveem, Kristian; Næss, Marit; Sesso, Howard D.; Gaziano, J. Michael; Buring, Julie E.; Lee, I-Min; Severi, Gianluca; Zhang, Xuehong; Han, Jiali; Stampfer, Meir J.; Smith-Warner, Stephanie A.; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Le Marchand, Loic; Yuan, Jian-Min; Butler, Lesley M.; Koh, Woon-Puay; Wang, Renwei; Gao, Yu-Tang; Ericson, Ulrika; Sonestedt, Emily; Ziegler, Regina G.; Freedman, Neal D.; Visvanathan, Kala; Jones, Miranda R.; Relton, Caroline; Brennan, Paul; Johansson, Mattias; Ueland, Per Magne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-06)
      Background: Circulating concentrations of biomarkers that are related to vitamin status vary by factors such as diet, fortification, and supplement use. Published biomarker concentrations have also been influenced by the ...
    • Circulating high sensitivity C reactive protein concentrations and risk of lung cancer : Nested case-control study within Lung Cancer Cohort Consortium 

      Muller, David C.; Larose, Tricia L; Hodge, Allison; Guida, Florence; Langhammer, Arnulf; Grankvist, Kjell; Meyer, Klaus; Cai, Qiuyin; Arslan, Alan A.; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Albanes, Demetrius; Giles, Graham G.; Sesso, Howard D.; Lee, I-Min; Gaziano, J. Michael; Yuan, Jian-Min; Hoffman Bolton, Judith; Buring, Julie E.; Visvanathan, Kala; Le Marchand, Loic; Purdue, Mark P.; Caporaso, Neil E.; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Per Magne; Prentice, Ross L.; Weinstein, Stephanie J.; Stevens, Victoria L.; Zheng, Wei; Blot, William J.; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Zhang, Xuehong; Xiang, Yong-Bing; Koh, Woon-Puay; Hveem, Kristian; Thomson, Cynthia A.; Pettinger, Mary; Engström, Gunnar; Brunnström, Hans; Milne, Roger L.; Stampfer, Meir J.; Han, Jiali; Johansson, Mikael; Brennan, Paul; Severi, Gianluca; Johansson, Mattias (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-01-03)
      Objectives: Inflammation may play an important role in lung cancer pathogenesis. Previous studies have suggested an association between C-reactive protein (CRP) as a marker of inflammation, and risk of lung cancer, but ...
    • Circulating trimethyllysine and risk of acute myocardial infarction in patients with suspected stable coronary heart disease 

      Bjørnestad, Espen Ø.; Olset, Hilde; Dhar, Indu; Løland, Kjetil Halvorsen; Pedersen, Eva Ringdal; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Berge, Rolf K; Ueland, Per Magne; Tell, Grethe S.; Nilsen, Dennis W.T.; Jan E., Nordrehaug; Nygaard, Ellisif; Nygård, Ottar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background The carnitine precursor trimethyllysine (TML) is associated with progression of atherosclerosis, possibly through a relationship with trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO). Riboflavin is a cofactor in TMAO synthesis. ...
    • Circulating Vitamin D in relation to cancer incidence and survival of the head and neck and oesophagus in the EPIC cohort 

      Fanidi, Anouar; Muller, David C.; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Per Magne; Vollset, Stein Emil; Relton, Caroline; Vineis, Paolo; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Skeie, Guri; Brustad, Magritt; Palli, Domenico; Tumino, Rosario; Grioni, Sara; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas; Peeters, Petra H.; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Kvaskoff, Marina; Cadeau, Claire; Huerta, José María; Sánchez, María-José; Agudo, Antonio; Lasheras, Cristina; Quirós, J. Ramón; Chamosa, Saioa; Riboli, Elio; Travis, Ruth C; Ward, Heather; Murphy, Neil; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Lagiou, Pagona; Papatesta, Eleni-Maria; Boeing, Heiner; Kühn, Tilman; Katzke, Verena; Steffen, Annika; Johansson, Anders; Brennan, Paul; Johansson, Mattias (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-11-04)
      Experimental and epidemiological data suggest that vitamin D play a role in pathogenesis and progression of cancer, but prospective data on head and neck cancer (HNC) and oesophagus cancer are limited. The European Prospective ...
    • Creatinine, total cysteine and uric acid are associated with serum retinol in patients with cardiovascular disease 

      Olsen, Thomas; Vinknes, Kathrine; Blomhoff, Rune; Lysne, Vegard; Midttun, Øivind; Dhar, Indu; Ueland, Per Magne; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Pedersen, Eva Ringdal; Drevon, Christian A; Refsum, Helga; Nygård, Ottar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-09-09)
      Purpose: We hypothesized that biomarkers and dietary factors related to cardiovascular disease risk were associated with serum retinol and evaluated these potential associations in patients with suspected coronary artery ...
    • DNA Methylation Score as a Biomarker in Newborns for Sustained Maternal Smoking during Pregnancy 

      Reese, Sarah E; Zhao, Shanshan; Wu, Michael C; Joubert, Bonnie R; Parr, Christine Louise; Håberg, Siri Eldevik; Ueland, Per Magne; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Midttun, Øivind; Vollset, Stein Emil; Peddada, Shyamal D; Nystad, Wenche; London, Stephanie J (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-04)
      Background: Maternal smoking during pregnancy, especially when sustained, leads to numerous adverse health outcomes in offspring. Pregnant women disproportionately underreport smoking and smokers tend to have lower follow-up ...
    • Effect of Folic Acid Supplementation on Levels of Circulating Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 and the Presence of Intravascular Ultrasound Derived Virtual Histology Thin-Cap Fibroatheromas in Patients with Stable Angina Pectoris 

      Løland, Kjetil Halvorsen; Bleie, Øyvind; Strand, Elin; Ueland, Per Magne; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Garcia-Garcia, Hector M.; Serruys, Patrick W.; Nygård, Ottar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-07-25)
      Background: Virtual Histology Intravascular Ultrasound (VH–IVUS) may be used to detect early signs of unstable coronary artery disease. Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 (MCP-1) is linked with coronary atherosclerosis and ...
    • Elevated plasma cystathionine is associated with increased risk of mortality among patients with suspected or established coronary heart disease 

      Dhar, Indu; Lysne, Vegard; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Ueland, Per Magne; Gregory, Jesse F.; Bønaa, Kaare Harald; Nygård, Ottar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background Elevated circulating cystathionine levels are related to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, a leading cause of death globally. Objective We investigated whether plasma cystathionine was associated with ...
    • Glycated hemoglobin and long-term prognosis in patients with suspected stable angina pectoris without diabetes mellitus: A prospective cohort study 

      Rebnord, Eirik Wilberg; Pedersen, Eva Kristine Ringdal; Strand, Elin; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Meyer, Klaus; Schartum-Hansen, Hall; Løland, Kjetil Halvorsen; Seifert, Reinhard; Ueland, Per Magne; Nilsen, Dennis W. T.; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Nygård, Ottar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-05)
      Objective: Associations of glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels to incident coronary and cardiovascular events among non-diabetic patients with coronary artery disease are unclear. We investigated relations of HbA1c to ...
    • High neopterin and IP-10 levels in cerebrospinal fluid are associated with neurotoxic tryptophan metabolites in acute central nervous system infections 

      Quist-Paulsen, Else; Aukrust, Pål; Kran, Anne-Marte Bakken; Dunlop, Oona Borghild; Ormaasen, Vidar; Stiksrud, Birgitte; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Thor; Ueland, Per Magne; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-11-23)
      Background The host response to intruders in the central nervous system (CNS) may be beneficial but could also be harmful and responsible for neurologic symptoms and sequelae in CNS infections. This immune response induces ...
    • Impact of HIV and type 2 diabetes on gut microbiota diversity, tryptophan catabolism and endothelial dysfunction 

      Hoel, Hedda Benedicte; Hove-Skovsgaard, Malene; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Gaardbo, Julie Christine; Holm, Kristian; Kummen, Martin; Rudi, Knut; Nwosu, Felix; Valeur, Jørgen; Gelpi, Marco; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Ueland, Per Magne; Gerstoft, Jan; Ullum, Henrik; Aukrust, Pål; Nielsen, Susanne Dam; Trøseid, Marius (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-04-30)
      HIV infection and type 2 diabetes are associated with altered gut microbiota, chronic inflammation, and increased cardiovascular risk. We aimed to investigate the combined effect of these diseases on gut microbiota composition ...
    • Impact of Pre-Pregnancy BMI on B Vitamin and Inflammatory Status in Early Pregnancy: An Observational Cohort Study 

      Monsen, Anne Lise Bjørke; Ulvik, Arve; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Midttun, Øivind; Roth, Christine; Magnus, Per; Stoltenberg, Camilla; Vollset, Stein Emil; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted; Ueland, Per Magne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-11-30)
      Maternal nutrition and inflammation have been suggested as mediators in the development of various adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with maternal obesity. We have investigated the relation between pre-pregnancy BMI, ...