China in Africa: New colonialism or sustainable development?
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This paper examines the criticisms China has received over its involvement in Africa over the past decade. By utilising case studies of two sub- Saharan African countries, empirical data, and economic development theory it seeks to investigate and answer those criticisms. The criticisms revolve around three aspects; human rights, poverty, and the environment. This paper will argue that on the first two the criticisms are mostly unjustified, however, on the issue of environmental concerns, Chinese involvement in Africa raises serious concerns. Finally, the paper will argue that traditional development aid is in need of reconfiguration to achieve its desired outcomes, and that the binary world view on aid and involvement in Africa must be reconsidered.