Now showing items 383-402 of 865

    • Laboratory Experiments on Internal Solitary Waves in Ice-Covered Waters 

      Carr, Magda; Sutherland, P.; Haase, A.; Evers, K.-U.; Fer, Ilker; Jensen, Atle; Kalisch, Henrik; Berntsen, Jarle; Parau, E.; Thiem, Ø.; Davies, P.A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Internal solitary waves (ISWs) propagating in a stably stratified two‐layer fluid in which the upper boundary condition changes from open water to ice are studied for grease, level, and nilas ice. The ISW‐induced current ...
    • Laboratory study of frazil ice accumulation under wave conditions 

      De La Rosa, Sara; Maus, Sønke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-02-09)
      Ice growth in turbulent seawater is often accompanied by the accumulation of frazil ice crystals at its surface, forming a grease ice layer. The thickness and volume fraction of this ice layer play an important role in ...
    • Laboratory study of initial sea-ice growth: properties of grease ice and nilas 

      Naumann, Ann-Kristin; Notz, Dirk; Håvik, Lisbeth; Sirevaag, Anders (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-07-10)
      We investigate initial sea-ice growth in an ice-tank study by freezing an NaCl solution of about 29 g kg−1 in three different setups: grease ice grew in experiments with waves and in experiments with a current and wind, ...
    • Lagrangian Measurement of Waves and Near Surface Turbulence from Acoustic Instruments 

      Bakhoday Paskyabi, Mostafa; Bryhni, Helge Thomas; Reuder, Joachim; Fer, Ilker (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-12-02)
      We demonstrate high-resolution measurements of upper ocean flow and turbulence using a Lagrangian drifter. A spherical buoy as a quasi-wave following drifter mitigate the contaminations induced by wave orbital velocities ...
    • The Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART version 10.4 

      Pisso, Ignacio; Sollum, Espen; Grythe, Henrik; Kristiansen, Nina Iren; Cassiani, Massimo; Eckhardt, Sabine; Arnold, Delia; Morton, Don; Thompson, Rona Louise; Zwaaftink, Christine Groot; Evangeliou, Nikolaos; Sodemann, Harald; Haimberger, Leopold; Henne, Stephan; Brunner, Dominik; Burkhart, John; Fouilloux, Anne Claire; Brioude, Jerome; Philipp, Anne; Seibert, Petra; Stohl, Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12-02)
      The Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART in its original version in the mid-1990s was designed for calculating the long-range and mesoscale dispersion of hazardous substances from point sources, such as those ...
    • Land Surface Data Assimilation of Satellite Derived Surface Soil Moisture : Towards an Integrated Representation of the Arctic Hydrological Cycle 

      Blyverket, Jostein (Doctoral thesis, 2019-10-21)
      The ability to accurately determine soil water content (soil moisture) over large areas of the Earth’s surface has potential implications in meteorology, hydrology, water and natural hazards management. The advent of ...
    • Langmuir Turbulence in the HYCOM Ocean Model 

      Malila, Mika Petteri (Master thesis, 2017)
      The impact of parameterising the turbulent mixing induced by surface wave-driven Langmuir turbulence is investigated for a basin-scale configuration of the hybrid-coordinate ocean circulation model HYCOM. Two-year, non-data ...
    • Large decadal changes in air-sea CO2 fluxes in the Caribbean Sea 

      Wanninkhof, Rik; Triñanes, Joaquin A; Park, Guen-Ha; Gledhill, Dwight K.; Olsen, Are Christian Sviggum (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Sixteen years of surface water CO2 data from autonomous systems on cruise ships sailing in the Caribbean Sea and Western North Atlantic show marked changes on interannual timescales. The measured changes in fugacity (≈partial ...
    • Large-eddy simulation of radiation fog with comprehensive two-moment bulk microphysics: Impact of different aerosol activation and condensation parameterizations 

      Schwenkel, Johannes; Maronga, Bjørn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-05-29)
      In this paper we study the influence of the cloud microphysical parameterization, namely the effect of different methods for calculating the supersaturation and aerosol activation, on the structure and life cycle of radiation ...
    • Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation Variability and its Impacts on the Nordic Seas Ocean Climate - a Review. In: The Nordic Seas: An Integrated Perspective 

      Furevik, Tore; Nilsen, Jan Even Øie (Geophysical Monograph Series;158, Chapter, 2005)
      The large-scale atmospheric circulation and its impacts on the Nordic Seas ocean climate are reviewed. The dominant factors for the atmospheric variability are the Icelandic low and the Azores high, determining the strength ...
    • Large‐scale regional model biases in the extra‐tropical North Atlantic storm track and impacts on downstream precipitation 

      Pontoppidan, Marie Louise Nielsen; Kolstad, Erik Wilhelm; Sobolowski, Stefan Pieter; Sorteberg, Asgeir; Changhai, Liu; Rasmussen, Roy (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Global climate models have circulation biases that the community aims to reduce, for instance through high‐resolution dynamical downscaling. We used the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) to downscale both ...
    • A Last Glacial Maximum forcing dataset for ocean modelling 

      Morée, Anne; Schwinger, Jörg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Model simulations of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM; ∼ 21 000 years before present) can aid the interpretation of proxy records, can help to gain an improved mechanistic understanding of the LGM climate system, and are ...
    • Late winter response to atmospheric and tidal forcing in the Førdefjord, inferred from mooring observations 

      Hiorth, Katrine (Master thesis, 2018-06-20)
      The Førdefjord is a narrow fjord on the western coast of Norway. A shallow sill is situated at the Ålasund, in the centre part of the fjord. A deep basin, 3 km north of the sill, has been approved as a deposit site for ...
    • Lateral Heat Transport in the Lofoten Basin: Near-Surface Pathways and Subsurface Exchange 

      Dugstad, Johannes Sandanger; Fer, Ilker; Lacasce, Joseph Henry; Sanchez de la Lama, Marta; Trodahl, Marta (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Lofoten Basin in the Nordic Seas plays a central role in the Atlantic overturning circulation by acting as a reservoir for the warm and saline Atlantic Water flow toward the Arctic Ocean. The mass and heat exchange ...
    • Leads in Arctic pack ice enable early phytoplankton blooms below snow-covered sea ice 

      Assmy, Philipp; Fernández-Méndez, Mar; Duarte, Pedro; Meyer, Amelie; Randelhoff, Achim; Mundy, Christopher John; Olsen, Lasse; Kauko, Hanna M.; Bailey, Allison; Chierici, Melissa; Cohen, Lana; Doulgeris, Anthony Paul; Ehn, Jens K.; Fransson, Agneta; Gerland, Sebastian; Hop, Haakon; Hudson, Stephen R.; Hughes, Nick; Itkin, Polona; Johnsen, Geir; King, Jennifer A.; Koch, Boris P.; Koenig, Zoe; Kwasniewski, Slawomir; Laney, Samuel R.; Nikolaus, Marcel; Pavlov, Alexey K.; Polashenski, Christopher M.; Provost, Christine; Rösel, Anja; Sandbu, Marthe; Spreen, Gunnar; Smedsrud, Lars H.; Sundfjord, Arild; Taskjelle, Torbjørn; Tatarek, Agnieszka; Wiktor, Josef; Wagner, Penelope Mae; Wold, Anette; Steen, Harald; Granskog, Mats A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01-19)
      The Arctic icescape is rapidly transforming from a thicker multiyear ice cover to a thinner and largely seasonal first-year ice cover with significant consequences for Arctic primary production. One critical challenge is ...
    • A Linear Model for Orographic Precipitation in meteorological and climatological downscaling 

      Caroletti, Giulio Nils (Doctoral thesis, 2015-06-24)
      Orographic precipitation has always been a major field of study in atmospheric sciences, because of its major role in the water budget and its influence on environmental hazards like floods and droughts - and thus on human ...
    • The linear stationary wave response to Arctic amplification related heating 

      Sellevold, Raymond (Master thesis, 2015-06-01)
      There has been a raft of manuscripts which claim to show that Arctic amplification (AA) is responsible for changes in the large-scale wintertime midlatitude atmospheric circulation. Responses to these studies have shown ...
    • The link between eddy-driven jet variability and weather regimes in the North Atlantic-European sector 

      Madonna, Erica; Li, Camille; Grams, Christian M; Woollings, Tim (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-10)
      This study reconciles two perspectives on wintertime atmospheric variability in the North Atlantic–European sector: the zonal‐mean framework comprising three preferred locations of the eddy‐driven jet (southern, central, ...
    • Linking Northern High-Latitude Cryospheric Changes to Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation 

      Knudsen, Erlend Moster (Doctoral thesis, 2015-03-20)
      Warming twice as fast as the rest of the globe, the northern high-latitudes arguably show the clearest evidences of observed and projected climate changes. Two of these are the rapid loss of Arctic sea ice and the shrinking ...
    • Local flow conditions in the Bergen valley based on observations and numerical simulations 

      Valved, Aslaug Skålevik (Master thesis, 2012-10-16)
      The complex topography and variability in surface roughness in the Bergen valley aff-ects the flow conditions in a multitude of ways. The steep mountains give shelter during strong synoptic flow, but the orography of Bergen ...