• Nordic Seas Heat Loss, Atlantic Inflow, and Arctic Sea Ice cover over the last century 

      Smedsrud, Lars Henrik; Muilwijk, Morven; Eldevik, Tor; Årthun, Marius; Brakstad, Ailin; Madonna, Erica; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Spensberger, Clemens; Born, Andreas; Drange, Helge; Jeansson, Emil; Li, Camille; Olsen, Are; Skagseth, Øystein; Slater, Donald; Straneo, Fiammetta; Våge, Kjetil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Poleward ocean heat transport is a key process in the earth system. We detail and review the northward Atlantic Water (AW) flow, Arctic Ocean heat transport, and heat loss to the atmosphere since 1900 in relation to sea ...
    • North Atlantic 20th century multidecadal variability in coupled climate models: sea surface temperature and ocean overturning circulation 

      Medhaug, Iselin; Furevik, Tore (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-06-06)
      Output from a total of 24 state-of-the-art Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Models is analyzed. The models were integrated with observed forcing for the period 1850–2000 as part of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ...
    • North Atlantic Modulation of Interdecadal Variations in Hot Drought Events over Northeastern China 

      Li, Huixin; He, Shengping; Gao, Yongqi; Chen, Huopo; Wang, Huijun (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Based on the long-term reanalysis datasets and the multivariate copula method, this study reveals that the frequency of summer hot drought events (SHDEs) over northeastern China (NEC) shows interdecadal variations during ...
    • North Atlantic multi-decadal variability - mechanisms and predictability 

      Keenlyside, Noel; Ba, Jin; Mecking, Jennifer V.; Omrani, Nour-Eddine; Latif, Mojib; Zhang, Rong; Msadek, Rym (World Scientific Series on Asia-Pacific Weather and Climate, Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2015-10)
      The North Atlantic Ocean undergoes pronounced basin-wide, multi-decadal variations. The corresponding fluctuations in sea surface temperature (SST) have become known as the Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation (AMO) or ...
    • North Atlantic multidecadal variability in coupled climate models - Mechanisms and responses 

      Medhaug, Iselin (Doctoral thesis, 2011-05-06)
      Global atmosphere-ocean general circulation models have been used to investigate mechanisms controlling the North Atlantic low-frequency variability, with the focus on the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, the ...
    • North Atlantic ocean circulation and decadal sea level change during the Altimetry era 

      Chafik, Leon Martin; Nilsen, Jan Even Øie; Dangendorf, Sönke; Reverdin, Gilles; Frederikse, Thomas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-01-31)
      Regional sea-level rise is characterized by decadal acceleration and deceleration periods that typically stem from oceanic climate variability. Here, we investigate decadal sea-level trends during the altimetry era and pin ...
    • The North Atlantic Oscillation and greenhouse-gas forcing 

      Kuzmina, Svetlana I.; Bengtsson, Lennart; Johannessen, Ola M.; Drange, Helge; Bobylev, Leonid P.; Miles, Martin W. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2005-02-17)
      The results of 12 coupled climate models participating in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP2) are compared together with observational data in order to investigate: 1) How the current generation of climate ...
    • North Atlantic Oscillation in winter is largely insensitive to autumn Barents-Kara sea ice variability 

      Siew, Yu Feng; Li, Camille; Ting, Mingfang; Sobolowski, Stefan Pieter; Wu, Yutian; Chen, Xiaodan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Arctic sea ice extent in autumn is significantly correlated with the winter North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) in the satellite era. However, questions about the robustness and reproducibility of the relationship persist. ...
    • North Atlantic storm track changes during the Last Glacial Maximum recorded by Alpine speleothems 

      Luetscher, Marc; Boch, Ronny; Sodemann, Harald; Spötl, Christoph; Cheng, Hai; Edwards, Roger Lawrence; Frisia, Silvia; Hof, Florian; Müller, Wolfgang A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-02-27)
      The European Alps are an effective barrier for meridional moisture transport and are thus uniquely placed to record shifts in the North Atlantic storm track pattern associated with the waxing and waning of Late-Pleistocene ...
    • The North Atlantic waveguide and downstream impact experiment 

      Schäfler, Andreas; Craig, George; Wernli, Heini; Arbogast, Philippe; Doyle, James D.; McTaggart-Cowan, Ron; Methven, John; Rivière, Gwendal; Ament, Felix; Boettcher, Maxi; Bramberger, Martina; Cazenave, Quitterie; Cotton, Richard; Crewell, Susannne; Delanoë, Julien; Dörnbrack, Andreas; Ehrlich, André; Ewald, Florian; Fix, Andreas; Grams, Christian M.; Gray, Suzanne L.; Grob, Johannes; Groß, Silke; Hagen, Martin; Harvey, Ben; Hirsch, Lutz; Jacob, Marek; Kölling, Tobias; Konow, Heike; Lemmerz, Christian; Lux, Oliver; Magnusson, Linus; Mayer, Bernhard; Mech, Mario; Moore, Richard; Pelon, Jacques; Quinting, Julian; Rahm, Stephan; Rapp, Markus; Rautenhaus, Marc; Reitebuch, Oliver; Reynolds, Carlolyn A.; Sodemann, Harald; Spengler, Thomas; Vaughan, Geraint; Wendisch, Manfred; Wirth, Martin; Witschas, Benjamin; Wolf, Kevin; Zinner, Tobias (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      The North Atlantic Waveguide and Downstream Impact Experiment (NAWDEX) explored the impact of diabatic processes on disturbances of the jet stream and their influence on downstream high-impact weather through the deployment ...
    • North Atlantic weather regimes in δ18O of winter precipitation: isotopic fingerprint of the response in the atmospheric circulation after volcanic eruptions 

      GudlaugsdOttir, Hera; Sjolte, Jesper; Sveinbjörnsdóttir, Árny Erla; Werner, Martin; Steen-Larsen, Hans Christian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Equatorial volcanic eruptions are known to impact the atmospheric circulation on seasonal time scales through a strengthening of the stratospheric zonal winds followed by dynamic ocean-atmosphere coupling. This emerges as ...
    • North Sea circulation: Atlantic inflow and its destination 

      Winther, Nina Gjerde; Johannessen, Johnny A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2006-12-22)
      This study investigates the Atlantic inflow to the North Sea; its variabil- ity, pathways and destination. Results from a numerical model show that the variability of Atlantic inflow is dependent on the inflow location. ...
    • A North-South Contrast of Subsurface Salinity Anomalies in the Northwestern Pacific From 2002 to 2013 

      Yan, Youfang; Svendsen, Lea; Wang, Chunzai; Keenlyside, Noel; Xu, Dazhi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-03)
      This paper finds a north‐south contrast of subsurface salinity trend during 2002–2013 in the northwestern Pacific. Both Argo float data and long‐term repeat hydrographic measurements along the 137°E section show that ...
    • Northeast Arctic Cod and Prey Match-Mismatch in a High-Latitude Spring-Bloom System 

      Vikebø, Frode Bendiksen; Broch, Ole Jacob; Kajiya Endo, Clarissa Akemi; Frøysa, Håvard G; Carroll, JoLynn; Juselius, Jonas; Langangen, Øystein Ole Gahr (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      By combining an ocean model, a nutrient-phytoplankton-zooplankton-detritus-model and an individual-based model for early life stages of Northeast Arctic cod we systematically investigate food limitations and growth performance ...
    • The Northeast Greenland shelf as a potential habitat for the Northeast Arctic cod 

      Strand, Kjersti Opstad; Sundby, Svein; Albretsen, Jon; Vikebø, Frode Bendiksen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09-26)
      Observations (1978–1991) of distributions of pelagic juvenile Northeast Arctic cod (Gadus morhua L.) show that up to 1/3 of the year class are dispersed off the continental shelf and into the deep Norwegian Sea while on ...
    • The northern Barents Sea during 1970–2016: From seabed to surface in the Arctic warming hotspot 

      Lind, Sigrid (Doctoral thesis, 2018-05-09)
      Global warming is amplified in the cold and white Arctic, where strong positive feedback mechanisms associated with, e.g., changes in surface conditions and the vertical structure of the Arctic atmosphere enhance the ...
    • The northern European shelf as an increasing net sink for CO2 

      Becker, Meike; Olsen, Are; Landschützer, Peter; Omar, Abdirahman; Rehder, Gregor; Rödenbeck, Christian; Skjelvan, Ingunn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      We developed a simple method to refine existing open-ocean maps and extend them towards different coastal seas. Using a multi-linear regression we produced monthly maps of surface ocean fCO2 in the northern European coastal ...
    • Northern Hemisphere storminess in the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM1-M) 

      Knudsen, Erlend Moster; Walsh, J. E. (Journal article, 2014-12-16)
      Metrics of storm activity in Northern Hemisphere high- and midlatitudes are evaluated from historical output and future projections by the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM1-M) coupled global climate model. The European ...
    • Norway's marine and terrestrial climate mapped with dynamical downscaling 

      Haakenstad, Hilde (Doctoral thesis, 2022-06-20)
      Long-term numerical reconstructions on high spatial resolution of past weather are essential tools for studies of the local climate and climate extremes. The focus of this thesis has been to resolve the wind, precipitation, ...
    • Norwegian Atlantic Slope Current along the Lofoten Escarpment 

      Fer, Ilker; Bosse, Anthony; Dugstad, Johannes Sandanger (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-06)
      Observations from moored instruments are analyzed to describe the Norwegian Atlantic Slope Current at the Lofoten Escarpment (13∘ E, 69∘ N). The data set covers a 14-month period from June 2016 to September 2017 and resolves ...