• Quantification of iron-rich volcanogenic dust emissions and deposition over the ocean from Icelandic dust sources 

      Arnalds, Olafur; Ólafsson, Haraldur; Dagsson-Waldhauserova, Pavla (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-12-02)
      Iceland has extremely active dust sources that result in large-scale emissions and deposition on land and at sea. The dust has a volcanogenic origin of basaltic composition with about 10% Fe content. We used two independent ...
    • Quantifying the contribution of anthropogenic influence to the East Asian winter monsoon in 1960-2012 

      Hao, Xin; He, Shengping; Wang, Huijun; Han, Tingting (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-07)
      The East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) is greatly influenced by many factors that can be classified as anthropogenic forcing and natural forcing. Here we explore the contribution of anthropogenic influence to the change in ...
    • A quantitative description of the West Spitsbergen Current by combining hydrography, altimetry and in-situ current meters 

      Muus Falck, Håvard (Master thesis, 2014-06-02)
      In a warming Arctic Ocean (AO) it is important to study its main source of oceanic heat and salt. Here, seasonal climatological sections of the West Spitsbergen Current (WSC) across 78.83°N have been constructed using ...
    • The quiet crossing of ocean tipping points 

      Heinze, Christoph; Blenckner, Thorsten; Martins, Helena; Rusiecka, Dagmara; Döscher, Ralf; Gehlen, Marion; Gruber, Nicolas; Holland, Elisabeth; Hov, Øystein; Joos, Fortunat; Matthews, John Brian Robin; Rødven, Rolf; Wilson, Simon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Anthropogenic climate change profoundly alters the ocean’s environmental conditions, which, in turn, impact marine ecosystems. Some of these changes are happening fast and may be difficult to reverse. The identification ...
    • Rapid changes in the Subpolar Gyre based on an Ocean General Circulation Model 

      Blesvik, Torgeir Hauge (Master thesis, 2013-06-03)
      Data from the ocean component of the Norwegian Earth System Model has been analyzed for the period 1960-2008. Most attention is given to the Subpolar Gyre, which strength and spatial extensiveness is understood to have ...
    • Recent and future changes of the Arctic sea-ice cover 

      Smedsrud, Lars Henrik; Sorteberg, Asgeir; Kloster, Kjell (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2008)
      The present and future state of the Arctic sea ice cover is explored using new observations and a coupled one dimensional air–sea–ice model. Updated satellite observations of Fram Strait ice-area export show an increase ...
    • Recent drought and precipitation tendencies in Ethiopia 

      Viste, Ellen Marie; Korecha, Diriba; Sorteberg, Asgeir (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-05)
      In 2011, drought in the Horn of Africa again made news headlines. This study aims to quantify the meteorological component of this and other drought episodes in Ethiopia since 1971. A monthly precipitation data set for 14 ...
    • Recent wind driven high sea ice area export in the Fram Strait contributes to Arctic sea ice decline 

      Smedsrud, Lars Henrik; Sirevaag, Anders; Kloster, Kjell; Sorteberg, Asgeir; Sandven, Stein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-10-14)
      Arctic sea ice area has been decreasing for the past two decades. Apart from melting, the southward drift through Fram Strait is the main ice loss mechanism. We present high resolution sea ice drift data across 79° N from ...
    • Reconciling Observation and Model Trends in North Atlantic Surface CO2 

      Lebehot, Alice; Halloran, Paul R.; Watson, Andrew J.; McNeall, Doug; Ford, David A; Landschützer, Peter; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Schuster, Ute (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The North Atlantic Ocean is a region of intense uptake of atmospheric CO2. To assess how this CO2 sink has evolved over recent decades, various approaches have been used to estimate basin‐wide uptake from the irregularly ...
    • Reconstructing the time history of the air-sea CO2 disequilibrium and its rate of change in the eastern subpolar North Atlantic, 1972–1989 

      Omar, Abdirahman M.; Olsen, Are (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2006-02-18)
      This study determines the temporal changes of wintertime surface ocean partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2 SW) in the eastern subpolar North Atlantic (esNA) (50–64ºN; 32–10ºW) by using data of carbon-system parameters and ...
    • Reconstruction of Glacier Mass Balance and Sensitivity Tests to Climate Change: A case study of Ålfotbreen and Nigardsbreen 

      Wangdui, Wangdui (Master thesis, 2011-11-30)
      A physically-based one dimensional CROCUS snow model was applied to simulate the surface mass balances of Ålfotbreen (1964-2009) and Nigardsbreen (1962-2009) in southern Norway. The required hourly meteorological input ...
    • The red-sky enigma over Svalbard in December 2002 

      Sigernes, Fred; Lloyd, N.; Lorentzen, Dag Arne; Neuber, R.; Hoppe, U.-P.; Degenstein, D.; Shumilov, N.; Moen, Jøran Idar; Gjessing, Yngvar; Havnes, Ove; Skartveit, Arvid; Raustein, Elmer; Ørbæk, J.B.; Deehr, CS (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2005)
      On 6 December 2002, during winter darkness, an extraordinary event occurred in the sky, as viewed from Longyearbyen (78° N, 15° E), Svalbard, Norway. At 07:30 UT the southeast sky was surprisingly lit up in a deep red ...
    • Regional atmospheric response to the Benguela Niñas 

      Koseki, Shunya; Imbol Koungue, Rodrigue Anicet (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      We investigate how the atmosphere is affected by the cold sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies of the Benguela Niñas using reanalysis data and a high-resolution atmospheric model. A composite analysis of reanalysis data ...
    • Regional climate models' performance in representing precipitation and temperature over selected Mediterranean areas 

      Deidda, Roberto; Marrocu, Marino; Caroletti, Giulio Nils; Pusceddu, Gabriella; Langousis, Andreas; Lucarini, Valerio; Puliga, Michele; Speranza, Antonio (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-12-12)
      This paper discusses the relative performance of several climate models in providing reliable forcing for hydrological modeling in six representative catchments in the Mediterranean region. We consider 14 Regional Climate ...
    • Regional, seasonal, and predictable Arctic sea ice change 

      Onarheim, Ingrid Husøy (Doctoral thesis, 2017-12-07)
      The loss of Arctic sea ice is one of the most prominent and best quantified indicators of ongoing global climate change. Satellite passive microwave observations since 1979 indicate significant negative sea ice extent ...
    • Relating model bias and prediction skill in the equatorial Atlantic 

      Counillon, Francois; Keenlyside, Noel; Toniazzo, Thomas; Koseki, Shunya; Demissie, Teferi Dejene; Bethke, Ingo; Wang, Yiguo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      We investigate the impact of large climatological biases in the tropical Atlantic on reanalysis and seasonal prediction performance using the Norwegian Climate Prediction Model (NorCPM) in a standard and an anomaly coupled ...
    • Relation between the wind stress curl in the North Atlantic and the Atlantic inflow to the Nordic Seas 

      Sandø, Anne Britt; Furevik, Tore (Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Journal article, 2008-06-27)
      In this study an isopycnic coordinate ocean model has been used to investigate the relationships between the North Atlantic wind stress curl (WSC) and the inflow of Atlantic water to the Nordic Seas. For the period 1995–2001, ...
    • The relationship between the eddy-driven jet stream and northern European sea level variability 

      Mangini, Fabio; Chafik, Léon; Madonna, Erica; Li, Camille; Bertino, Laurent; Nilsen, Jan Even Øie (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Wintertime sea level variability over the northern European continental shelf is largely wind-driven. Using daily gridded sea level anomaly from altimetry, we examine both the spatial and the temporal relationship between ...
    • Resolving the controls of water vapour isotopes in the Atlantic sector 

      Bonne, Jean-Louis; Behrens, Melanie K.; Meyer, Hanno; Kipfstuhl, Sepp; Rabe, Benjamin; Schonicke, Lutz; Steen-Larsen, Hans Christian; Werner, Martin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-04-09)
      Stable water isotopes are employed as hydrological tracers to quantify the diverse implications of atmospheric moisture for climate. They are widely used as proxies for studying past climate changes, e.g., in isotope records ...
    • Resolving the upper-ocean warm layer improves the simulation of the Madden-Julian oscillation 

      Tseng, Wan-Ling; Tsuang, Ben-Jei; Keenlyside, Noel; Hsu, Huang-Hsiung; Tu, Chia-Ying (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-09)
      Here we show that coupling a high-resolution one-column ocean model to an atmospheric general circulation model dramatically improves simulation of the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) to have realistic strength, period, ...