Now showing items 419-438 of 871

    • The Madden-Julian Oscillation in a warmer world 

      Chang, Chiung-Wen June; Tseng, Wan-Ling; Huang-Hsiung, Hsu; Keenlyside, Noel; Tsuang, Ben-Jei (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-07)
      Global warming's impact on the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) is assessed using one of the few models capable in reproducing its key features. In a warmer climate predicted for the end of the century, the MJO increases ...
    • Magnitude and Origin of the Anthropogenic CO2 Increase and the 13C Suess Effect in the Nordic Seas since 1981 

      Olsen, Are; Abdirahman, Omar M.; Bellerby, Richard G. J.; Johannessen, Truls; Ninnemann, Ulysses Silas; Brown, Kelly R.; Olsson, K. Anders; Olafsson, Jon; Nondal, Gisle; Kivimäe, Caroline; Kringstad, Solveig; Neill, Craig; Olafsdottir, Solveig (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2006-09-29)
      This study evaluates the anthropogenic changes of CO2 (∆Cant) and δ13C (∆δ13Cant) in the Nordic seas, the northern limb of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, that took place between 1981 and 2002/03. The ...
    • Mapping the fugacity of CO2 in the Nordic Seas and the northern North Atlantic Ocean 

      Kvæstad, Elise (Master thesis, 2013-12-20)
      Self organizing maps (SOMs) have been used to estimate seawater fugacity of CO2 (fCO2) distribution in the Nordic Seas and the northern North Atlantic Ocean for 2005-2007. Four maps were produced for each region using ...
    • Marine Wind and Wave Height Trends at Different ERA-Interim Forecast Ranges 

      Aarnes, Ole Johan; Abdalla, Saleh; Bidlot, Jean-Raymond; Breivik, Øyvind (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-01-15)
      Trends in marine wind speed and significant wave height are investigated using the global reanalysis ERA-Interim over the period 1979–2012, based on monthly-mean and monthly-maximum data. Besides the traditional reanalysis, ...
    • Marine-based multiproxy reconstruction of Atlantic multidecadal variability 

      Svendsen, Lea; Hetzinger, Steffen; Keenlyside, Noel; Gao, Yongqi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-02-28)
      Atlantic multidecadal variability (AMV) is known to impact climate globally, and knowledge about the persistence of AMV is important for understanding past and future climate variability, as well as modeling and assessing ...
    • Mass balance of Nyainqen Tanglha glacier, Tibet, 1977 to 2001, derived by topographical maps and satellite images 

      Dong, Cai (Master thesis, 2004)
      NyainQen TangLha Glacier plays an important role in the Tibetan plateau’s climate system. Because of high altitude, steeply sloping terrain and difficult access, regular, systematic surveys of glacial variation are almost ...
    • Mass balance of the Greenland Ice Sheet from 1992 to 2018 

      Shepherd, Andrew; Ivins, Erik; Rignot, Eric; Smith, Ben; Van Den Broeke, Michiel; Velicogna, Isabella; Whitehouse, Pippa; Briggs, Kate; Joughin, Ian; Krinner, Gerhard; Nowicki, Sophie; Payne, Tony; Scambos, Ted; Schlegel, Nicole; Geruo, A; Agosta, Cécile; Ahlstrøm, Andreas; Babonis, Greg; Barletta, Valentina; Bjørk, Anders A.; Blazquez, Alejandro; Bonin, Jennifer; Colgan, William; Csatho, Beata; Cullather, Richard; Engdahl, Marcus E.; Felikson, Denis; Fettweis, Xavier; Forsberg, Rene; Hogg, Anna E.; Hubert, Gallee; Gardner, Alex; Gilbert, Lin; Gourmelen, Noel; Groh, Andreas; Gunter, Brian; Hanna, Edward; Harig, Christopher; Helm, Veit; Horvath, Alexander; Horwath, Martin; Khan, Shfaqat; Kjeldsen, Kristian K.; Hannes, Konrad; Langen, Peter L.; Lecavalier, Benoit; Loomis, Bryant; Luthcke, Scott; McMillan, Malcolm; Melini, Daniele; Mernild, Jacob Sebastian Haugaard; Mohajerani, Yara; Moore, Philip; Mottam, Ruth; Mouginot, Jérémie; Moyano, Gorka; Muir, Alan; Nagler, Thomas; Nield, Grace; Nilsson, Johan; Noel, Brice; Otosaka, Ines; Pattle, Mark E.; Peltier, Richard W.; Pie, Nadège; Rietbroek, Roelof; Rott, Helmut; Sørensen, Louise Sandberg; Sasgen, Ingo; Save, Himanshu; Scheuchl, Bernd; Schrama, Ernst; Schröder, Ludwig; Seo, Ki-Weon; Simonsen, Sebastian B.; Slater, Thomas; Spada, Giorgio; Sutterley, Tyler; Talpe, Matthieu; Tarasov, Lev; Willem, Jan van de Berg; Van Der Wal, Wouter; Van Wessem, Melchior; Vishwakarma, Barmha Dutt; Wiese, David; Wilton, David; Wagner, Thomas; Wouters, Bert; Wuite, Jan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-10)
      The Greenland Ice Sheet has been a major contributor to global sea-level rise in recent decades1,2, and it is expected to continue to be so3. Although increases in glacier flow4,5,6 and surface melting7,8,9 have been driven ...
    • Målt og Modellert Globalstråling ved Ekofisk og i Nordområdene 

      Henden, Amelie (Master thesis, 2011-06-01)
      I dette arbeidet er globalstrålingsdata fra Ekofisk, Arktis og fastlandsstasjoner i Norge og Sverige studert. Stasjonene ligger mellom 56°N og 75°N, og all data er hentet fra perioden 2005 til og med 2010. Målinger i Arktis ...
    • Målt og modellert UV-stråling i Bergen 

      Sætre, Ottar (Master thesis, 2006)
    • Mean structure and seasonality of the Norwegian Atlantic Front Current along the Mohn Ridge from repeated glider transects 

      Bosse, Anthony; Fer, Ilker (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The poleward flow of Atlantic Water in the Nordic Seas forms the upper limb of the meridional overturning circulation driving an important heat transport. The Norwegian Atlantic Front Current along the Mohn Ridge between ...
    • Measured volume, heat, and salt fluxes from the Atlantic to the Arctic Mediterranean 

      Østerhus, Svein; Turrell, William R.; Jónsson, Steingrímur; Hansen, Bogi (Journal article, 2005-04-07)
      The flow of warm and saline Atlantic water towards the Arctic crosses the Greenland-Scotland Ridge in three current branches. Since the mid 1990's, extensive monitoring with quasi-permanent moorings and regular CTD cruises ...
    • Measured, modelled and satellite derived solar radiation in Scandinavia 

      Hagen, Linda (Master thesis, 2011-06-01)
      This article presents a comparison of global radiation data at different sites at the Scandinavian Peninsula. It makes use of ground truth, modelled and satellite derived surface global radiation data. First, a quality ...
    • Measurement and evaluation of OH-airglow spectra over Svalbard 

      Nielsen, Kristian Pagh (Master thesis, 2001)
    • A mechanical energy budget for the North Sea 

      Barthel, Knut; Gade, Herman G.; Sandal, Cathrine K. (Journal article, 2004-06-29)
      A three-dimensional baroclinic numerical model is used to quantify the components of the mechanical energy budget for a semi-enclosed sea, the North Sea. As anticipated, tidal energy is the largest supplier of mechanical ...
    • Mechanisms affecting the transport of early stages of Norwegian Coastal Cod - a fjord study 

      Myksvoll, Mari Skuggedal (Master thesis, 2008-05-30)
      The fjord system of Sørfolda and Nordfolda situated in northern Norway is used in a model study. Particularly to explore the mechanisms causing separation and mixing of eggs from Arcto-Norwegian Cod (ANC) and Norwegian ...
    • Mechanisms and pathways of ocean heat anomalies in the Arctic-Atlantic region 

      Asbjørnsen, Helene (Doctoral thesis, 2020-12-10)
      Along the Atlantic water pathway, from the Gulf Stream in the south to the Arctic Ocean in the north, variability in ocean heat content is pronounced on interannual to decadal time scales. Ocean heat anomalies in this ...
    • Mechanisms for decadal scale variability in a simulated Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation 

      Medhaug, Iselin; Langehaug, Helene Reinertsen; Eldevik, Tor; Furevik, Tore; Bentsen, Mats (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-06-25)
      Variability in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) has been analysed using a 600-year pre-industrial control simulation with the Bergen Climate Model. The typical AMOC variability has amplitudes of 1 ...
    • Mechanisms of Ocean Heat Anomalies in the Norwegian Sea 

      Asbjørnsen, Helene; Årthun, Marius; Skagseth, Øystein; Eldevik, Tor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-04)
      Ocean heat content in the Norwegian Sea exhibits pronounced variability on interannual to decadal time scales. These ocean heat anomalies are known to influence Arctic sea ice extent, marine ecosystems, and continental ...
    • The mechanisms that determine the response of the Northern Hemisphere’s stationary waves to North American Ice Sheets 

      Roberts, William H.G.; Li, Camille; Valdes, Paul J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-01)
      Stationary waves describe the persistent meanders in the west–east flow of the extratropical atmosphere. Here, changes in stationary waves caused by ice sheets over North America are examined and the underlying mechanisms ...
    • Mechanisms underlying recent Arctic atlantification 

      Asbjørnsen, Helene; Årthun, Marius; Skagseth, Øystein; Eldevik, Tor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-20)
      Recent warming and reduced sea ice concentrations in the Atlantic sector of the Arctic Ocean are the main signatures of ongoing Arctic “Atlantification.” The mechanisms driving the warming trends are nevertheless still ...