• Growth, clinical and neurodevelopmental outcomes at school age are similar for children who received 1‑year lamivudine or lopinavir/ritonavir HIV prophylaxis in early life 

      Nagot, Nicolas; Singata-Madliki, Mandisa; Cournil, Amandine; Nalugya, Joyce; Tassembedo, Soleymane; Quillet, Catherine; Tonga, Melany W.; Tumwine, James K; Meda, Nicolas; Kankasa, Chipepo; Mwiya, Mwiya; Bangirana, Paul; Peries, Marianne; Batting, Joanne; Engebretsen, Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv; Tylleskär, Thorkild; Van de Perre, Philippe; Ndeezi, Grace; Molès, Jean-Pierre (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      In the ANRS 12174 trial, HIV-exposed uninfected African neonates who received lopinavir-ritonavir (LPV/r) prophylaxis for 1 year exhibited slower growth from birth to week 50 compared with those receiving lamivudine (3TC). ...
    • Incidence trends of airflow obstruction among European adults without asthma: a 20-year cohort study 

      Accordini, Simone; Calciano, Lucia; Marcon, Alessandro; Pesce, Giancarlo; Antó, Josep M.; Beckmeyer-Borowko, Anna B.; Carsin, Anne-Elie; Corsico, Angelo G.; Imboden, Medea; Janson, Christer; Keidel, Dirk; Locatelli, Francesca; Svanes, Cecilie; Burney, Peter G.J.; Jarvis, Deborah L.; Probst-Hensch, Nicole M.; Minelli, Cosetta (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Investigating COPD trends may help healthcare providers to forecast future disease burden. We estimated sex- and smoking-specific incidence trends of pre-bronchodilator airflow obstruction (AO) among adults without asthma ...
    • IP-10 dried blood spots assay monitoring treatment efficacy in extrapulmonary tuberculosis in a low-resource setting 

      Hoel, Ida Marie; Jørstad, Melissa Davidsen; Marijani, Msafiri; Ruhwald, Morten; Mustafa, Tehmina; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-03-07)
      Treatment efficacy is difficult to evaluate in extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) patients. Interferon-γ inducible protein (IP-)10 has been suggested as a biomarker for response to treatment. We have investigated if IP-10 ...
    • Lower risk of smoking-related cancer in individuals with familial hypercholesterolemia compared with controls: a prospective matched cohort study 

      Krogh, Henriette Walaas; Svendsen, Karianne; Igland, Jannicke; Mundal, Liv; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund; Bogsrud, Martin Prøven; Leren, Trond Paul; Retterstøl, Kjetil (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12-17)
      According to guidelines, individuals with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) shall receive lifestyle intervention and intensive lipid-lowering treatment from early in life to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. Our ...
    • Maternal fever during pregnancy and offspring attention deficit hyperactivity disorder 

      Gustavson, Kristin; Ask, Helga; Ystrøm, Eivind; Stoltenberg, Camilla; Lipkin, W. Ian; Suren, Pål; Håberg, Siri Eldevik; Magnus, Per; Knudsen, Gun Peggy S.; Eilertsen, Espen Moen; Bresnahan, Michaeline; Aase, Heidi; Mjaaland, Siri; Susser, Ezra S.; Hornig, Mady; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-02)
      Maternal fever during pregnancy is associated with several adverse child outcomes. We investigated associations between maternal fever and ADHD among offspring, as well as the sub-dimensions of ADHD - inattention and ...
    • Mobility restrictions were associated with reductions in COVID-19 incidence early in the pandemic: evidence from a real-time evaluation in 34 countries 

      Oh, Juhwan; Lee, Hwa-Young; Khuong, Quynh Long; Markuns, Jeffrey F.; Bullen, Chris; Barrios, Osvaldo Enrique Artaza; Hwang, Seung-sik; Suh, Young Sahng; McCool, Judith; Kachur, S. Patrick; Chan, Chang-Chuan; Kwon, Soonman; Kondo, Naoki; Hoang, Van Minh; Moon, J. Robin; Rostila, Mikael; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; You, Myoungsoon; Withers, Mellissa; Li, Mu; Lee, Eun-Jeung; Benski, Caroline; Park, Sookyung; Nam, Eun-Woo; Gottschalk, Katie; Kavanagh, Matthew M.; Tran, Thi Giang Huong; Lee, Jong-Koo; Subramanian, S.V.; McKee, Martin; Gostin, Lawrence (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Most countries have implemented restrictions on mobility to prevent the spread of Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19), entailing considerable societal costs but, at least initially, based on limited evidence of effectiveness. ...
    • MPT64 antigen detection test improves diagnosis of pediatric extrapulmonary tuberculosis in Mbeya, Tanzania 

      Grønningen, Erlend; Nanyaro, Marywinnie; Sviland, Lisbet; Ngadaya, Esther; Muller, William; Torres, Lisete; Mfinanga, Sayoki; Mustafa, Tehmina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Pediatric extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is a diagnostic challenge. A new immunochemistry based MPT64 antigen detection test has shown improved sensitivity compared to current laboratory tests. The aim of this study ...
    • Pre-conception and prenatal alcohol exposure from mothers and fathers drinking and head circumference: results from the Norwegian Mother-Child Study (MoBa) 

      Zuccolo, Luisa; deRoo, Lisa; Wills, Andrew K; Smith, George Davey; Surén, Pål; Roth, Christine; Stoltenberg, Camilla; Magnus, Per (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-12-23)
      Although microcephaly is a feature of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, it is currently unknown whether low-to-moderate prenatal alcohol exposure affects head circumference. Small magnitude associations reported in observational ...
    • Stathmin expression associates with vascular and immune responses in aggressive breast cancer subgroups 

      Askeland, Cecilie; Wik, Elisabeth; Finne, Kenneth; Birkeland, Even; Arnes, Jarle; Collett, Karin; Knutsvik, Gøril; Krüger, Kristi; Davidsen, Benedicte; Aas, Turid; Eide, Geir Egil; Stefansson, Ingunn; Foulkes, William; Akslen, Lars A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Studies indicate that stathmin expression associates with PI3K activation in breast cancer, suggesting stathmin as a marker for targetable patient subgroups. Here we assessed stathmin in relation to tumour proliferation, ...
    • Xpert MTB/RIF ultra for rapid diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in a high‑income low‑tuberculosis prevalence setting 

      Hoel, Ida Marie; Syre, Heidi; Skarstein, Ingerid; Mustafa, Tehmina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is often challenging due to paucibacillary nature of the disease. Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra (Ultra) has been developed to improve detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex ...