Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorHansen, Anita Lill
dc.contributor.authorOlson, Gina
dc.contributor.authorDahl, Lisbeth
dc.contributor.authorThornton, David Malcolm
dc.contributor.authorGrung, Bjørn
dc.contributor.authorGraff, Ingvild Eide
dc.contributor.authorFrøyland, Livar
dc.contributor.authorThayer, Julian F.
dc.description.abstractThe aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of Atlantic salmon consumption on underlying biological mechanisms associated with anxiety such as heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate (HR) as well as a measure of self-reported anxiety. Moreover, these biological and self-reported outcome measures were investigated in relation to specific nutrients; vitamin D status, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Ninety-five male forensic inpatients were randomly assigned into a Fish (Atlantic salmon three times per week from September to February) or a Control group (alternative meal, e.g., chicken, pork, or beef three times per week during the same period). HRV measured as the root mean square of successive differences (rMSSD), HR, state- and trait-anxiety (STAI), were assessed before (pre-test) and at the end of the 23 weeks dietary intervention period (post-test). The Fish group showed significant improvements in both rMSSD and HR. The Fish group also showed significant decreases in state-anxiety. Finally, there was a positive relationship between rMSSD and vitamin D status. The findings suggest that Atlantic salmon consumption may have an impact on mental health related variables such as underlying mechanisms playing a key role in emotion-regulation and state-anxiety.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution CC BYeng
dc.subjectheart rate variabilityeng
dc.subjectfatty fish consumptioneng
dc.subjectFatty acidseng
dc.subjectVitamin Deng
dc.titleReduced anxiety in forensic inpatients after a long-term intervention with Atlantic salmoneng
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2014 The Authors
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Medical sciences: 700::Health sciences: 800::Nutrition: 811eng
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Medisinske fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Ernæring: 811nob

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution CC BY
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution CC BY