Now showing items 1-20 of 2963

    • Developing common protocols to measure tundra herbivory across spatial scales 

      Barrio, Isabel C.; Ehrich, Dorothee; Soininen, Eeva M; Ravolainen, Virve; Bueno, C. G.; Gilg, Olivier; Koltz, Amanda; Speed, James David Mervyn; Hik, David S.; Mörsdorf, M.; Alatalo, Juha M.; Angerbjørn, A.; Bêty, Joël; Bollache, L.; Boulanger-Lapointe, N.; Brown, G. S.; Eischeid, Isabell; Giroux, M. A.; Hajek, T.; Hansen, Brage Bremset; Hofhius, S. P.; Lamarre, J.-F.; Lang, J.; Latty, C.; Lecomte, N.; Macek, P.; McKinnon, L.; Myers-Smith, I. H.; Pedersen, Åshild Ønvik; Prevey, J. S.; Roth, J. D.; Saalfeld, S. T.; Schmidt, N. M.; Smith, P.; Sokolov, A.; Sokolova, N.; Stolz, C.; van Bemmelen, R.; Varpe, Øystein; Woodard, P. F.; Jonsdottir, I. S. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Understanding and predicting large-scale ecological responses to global environmental change requires comparative studies across geographic scales with coordinated efforts and standardized methodologies. We designed, ...
    • Maternal and offspring genetic risk score analyses of fetal alcohol exposure and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder risk in offspring 

      Haan, Elis; Sallis, Hannah M.; Ystrøm, Eivind; Njølstad, Pål Rasmus; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted; Munafo, Marcus R.; Havdahl, Alexandra; Zuccolo, Luisa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Studies investigating the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on childhood attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms using conventional observational designs have reported inconsistent findings, ...
    • New Zealand – China FTA: Trade Growth amid Social Changes 

      Siekiera, Joanna (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Many legal and business mechanisms were introduced by the government in Wellington in order to enable trade practices of the Chinese partners. Asian immigrants to New Zealand do fill the real gap in the small labour market ...
    • Anthropogenic and environmental drivers of vegetation change in southeastern Norway during the Holocene 

      ter Schure, Anneke Theresia Maria; Bajard, Manon Juliette Andree; Loftsgarden, Kjetil; Høeg, Helge Irgens; Ballo, Eirik Gottschalk; Bakke, Jostein; Støren, Eivind Wilhelm Nagel; Iversen, Frode; Kool, Anneleen; Brysting, Anne Krag; Krüger, Kirstin; Boessenkool, Sanne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Uncovering anthropogenic and environmental drivers behind past biological change requires integrated analyses of long-term records from a diversity of disciplines. We applied an interdisciplinary approach exploring effects ...
    • Characterising the shared genetic determinants of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and risk-taking 

      Hindley, Guy Frederick Lanyon; Bahrami, Shahram; Steen, Nils Eiel; O'Connell, Kevin Sean; Frei, Oleksandr; Shadrin, Alexey; Bettella, Francesco; Rødevand, Linn; Fan, Chun-Chieh; Dale, Anders; Djurovic, Srdjan; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Andreassen, Ole (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Increased risk-taking is a central component of bipolar disorder (BIP) and is implicated in schizophrenia (SCZ). Risky behaviours, including smoking and alcohol use, are overrepresented in both disorders and associated ...
    • Role of a Digital Clinical Decision–Support System in General Practitioners’ Management of COPD in Norway 

      Vijayakumar, Varun Kumar; Mustafa, Tehmina; Nore, Bjarte Kjell; Garatun-Tjeldstø, Kjell Yngvar; Næss, Øystein; Johansen, Odd Erik; Aarli, Bernt Bøgvald (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: The study investigated if a web-based clinical decision–support system (CDSS) tool would improve general practitioners’ (GPs) accuracy of diagnosis and classification of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary ...
    • Nationwide audit and feedback on implementation of antibiotic stewardship programmes in Norwegian hospitals 

      Skodvin, Brita; Høgli, June Utnes; Gravningen, Kirsten Midttun; Neteland, Marion Iren; Harthug, Stig; Akselsen, Per Espen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Implementation of antibiotic stewardship programmes (ASPs) in hospitals is challenging and there is a knowledge gap on how to pursue this process efficiently. Objectives To evaluate whether audit and feedback ...
    • Mortality and non-use of antipsychotic drugs after acute admission in schizophrenia: A prospective total-cohort study 

      Strømme, Maria Fagerbakke; Mellesdal, Liv Solrunn; Bartz-Johannesen, Christoffer; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Krogenes, Marianne; Mehlum, Lars; Johnsen, Erik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background In society at large, it is debated whether use of antipsychotic drugs is associated with increased or decreased mortality among patients with schizophrenia. Large register studies have demonstrated an increased ...
    • Parental income and mental disorders in children and adolescents: prospective register-based study 

      Kinge, Jonas Minet; Øverland, Simon Nygaard; Flatø, Martin; Dieleman, Joseph; Røgeberg, Ole Jørgen; Magnus, Maria Christine; Evensen, Miriam; Tesli, Martin Steen; Skrondal, Anders; Stoltenberg, Camilla; Vollset, Stein Emil; Håberg, Siri Eldevik; Torvik, Fartein Ask (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Children with low-income parents have a higher risk of mental disorders, although it is unclear whether other parental characteristics or genetic confounding explain these associations and whether it is true ...
    • Risk of Relapse Among Opioid‐Dependent Patients Treated With Extended‐Release Naltrexone or Buprenorphine‐Naloxone: A Randomized Clinical Trial 

      Opheim, Arild; Gaulen, Zhanna; Solli, Kristin Klemmetsby; Latif, Zill-E-Huma; Fadnes, Lars T.; Saltyte Benth, Jurate; Kunøe, Nikolaj; Tanum, Lars Håkon Reiestad (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background and Objectives Compare the risk of relapse to heroin and other illicit opioids among opioid-dependent patients receiving treatment with extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) or buprenorphine-naloxone ...
    • “I’m a salesman and my client is China”: Language learning motivation, multicultural attitudes, and multilingualism among university students in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan 

      Calafato, Raees (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Central Asian republics represent an interesting yet little-studied space for researching the interplay between language learning motivation (LLM), multiculturalism, and multilingualism given their cultural and linguistic ...
    • Dødsfall i sykehjem etter covid-19-vaksine 

      Wyller, Torgeir Bruun; Kittang, Bård Reiakvam; Ranhoff, Anette Hylen; Harg, Pernille; Myrstad, Marius (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Bakgrunn: I perioden 27.12.2020–15.2.2021 ble om lag 29 400 av Norges ca. 35 000 sykehjemspasienter vaksinert med mRNA-vaksinen BNT162b2. I samme tidsrom mottok Statens legemiddelverk 100 meldinger om mistenkte fatale ...
    • Food waste reduction and taking away leftovers: Interplay of food-ordering routine, planning routine, and motives 

      Talwar, Shalini; Kaur, Puneet; Okumus, Bendegul; Ahmed, Umair; Dhir, Amandeep (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The hospitality literature is quite deficient in insights on consumer behaviour towards food waste generation and its mitigation in out-of-home dining. The present study addresses this gap by undertaking a mixed-method ...
    • Dental caries in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and controls: a multilevel analysis 

      Gil, Elisabeth G.; Åstrøm, Anne-Kristine N; Lie, Stein Atle; Rygg, Marite; Fischer, Johannes; Rosén, Annika; Bletsa, Athanasia; Luukko, Keijo; Shi, Xie-Qi; Halbig, Josefine; Frid, Paula; Cetrelli, Lena Elisabet; Tylleskär, Karin; Rosendahl, Karen; Skeie, Marit Slåttelid (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Optimal utilization of dental caries data is crucial in epidemiological research of individuals with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The aims were to: explore whether caries is more prevalent among children ...
    • Agenda navigation in consultations covering multiple topics. A qualitative case study from general practice 

      Guassora, Ann Dorrit; Johansen, May-Lill; Malterud, Kirsti (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Objective To explore how agenda navigation may be accomplished underway in consultations covering multiple topics, we identified and analyzed one GP’s communicative strategies. Design, setting, and subjects A qualitative ...
    • Wavelet Screening identifies regions highly enriched for differentially methylated loci for orofacial clefts 

      Denault, William Robert Paul; Romanowska, Julia; Haaland, Øystein Ariansen; Lyle, Robert; Taylor, Jack A.; Xu, Zongli; Lie, Rolv T.; Gjessing, Håkon K.; Jugessur, Astanand (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      DNA methylation is the most widely studied epigenetic mark in humans and plays an essential role in normal biological processes as well as in disease development. More focus has recently been placed on understanding ...
    • Effects of nuisance submerged vegetation on the fauna in Norwegian rivers 

      Velle, Gaute; Skoglund, Helge; Barlaup, Bjørn Torgeir (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The abundance of aquatic vegetation is increasing in rivers and lakes worldwide. The aim of this study was to find how the macrophyte Juncus bulbosus Linnaeus affects salmonids and benthic macroinvertebrates in Norwegian ...
    • Shared genetic architecture between neuroticism, coronary artery disease and cardiovascular risk factors 

      Torgersen, Kristin Stensland; Bahrami, Shahram; Frei, Oleksandr; Shadrin, Alexey; O'Connell, Kevin Sean; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Munkhaugen, John; Djurovic, Srdjan; Dammen, Toril; Andreassen, Ole A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Neuroticism is associated with poor health, cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and coronary artery disease (CAD). The conditional/conjunctional false discovery rate method (cond/conjFDR) was applied to genome wide ...
    • Calibration and assessment of electrochemical low-cost sensors in remote alpine harsh environments 

      Dallo, Frederico; Zannoni, Daniele; Gabrieli, Jacopo; Cristofanelli, Paolo; Calzolari, Francescopiero; de Blasi, Fabrizio; Spolaor, Andrea; Battistel, Dario; Lodi, Rachele; Cairns, Warren R. L.; Fjæraa, Ann Mari; Bonasoni, Paolo; Barbante, Carlo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      This work presents results from an original open-source low-cost sensor (LCS) system developed to measure tropospheric O3 in a remote high altitude alpine site. Our study was conducted at the Col Margherita Observatory ...
    • Characterization of the atmospheric environment during extreme precipitation events associated with atmospheric rivers in Norway - Seasonal and regional aspects 

      Michel, Clio; Sorteberg, Asgeir; Eckhardt, Sabine; Weijenborg, Christian; Stohl, Andreas; Cassiani, Massimo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Extreme precipitation events in Norway in all seasons are often linked to atmospheric rivers (AR). We show that during the period 1979–2018 78.5% of the daily extreme precipitation events in Southwestern Norway are linked ...