Z boson production in Pb+Pb collisions at √sNN=5.02 TeV measured by the ATLAS experiment
Aad, Georges; Abbott, Brad; Abbott, Dale C.; Abed Abud, Adam; Abeling, Kira; Abhayasinghe, Deshan Kavishka; Abidi, Syed Haider; AbouZeid, Hass; Abraham, Nadine L.; Abramowicz, Halina; Bjørke, Kristian; Bugge, Magnar Kopangen; Cameron, David Gordon; Catmore, James Richard; Garonne, Vincent; Gramstad, Eirik; Hellesund, Simen; Morisbak, Vanja; Oppen, Henrik; Ould-Saada, Farid; Pedersen, Maiken; Read, Alexander Lincoln; Rye, Eli Bæverfjord; Røhne, Ole Myren; Sandaker, Heidi; Vadla, Knut Oddvar Høie; Buanes, Trygve; Djuvsland, Julia Isabell; Eigen, Gerald; Fomin, Nikolai; Lee, Graham Richard; Lipniacka, Anna; Martin dit Latour, Bertrand; Stugu, Bjarne; Træet, Are Sivertsen; Abreu, Henso; Abulaiti, Yiming; Acharya, Bobby S.; Achkar, Baida; Adachi, Shunsuke; Adam, Lennart; Adam-Bourdarios, Claire; Adamczyk, Leszek; Adamek, Lukas; Adelman, Jareed; Adersberger, Michael; Adigüzel, Aytül; Adorni, Sofia; Adye, Tim; Affolder, Anthony Allen; ATLAS, Collaboration
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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The production yield of Z bosons is measured in the electron and muon decay channels in Pb+Pb collisions at √sNN = 5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector. Data from the 2015 LHC run corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 0.49 nb−1 are used for the analysis. The Z boson yield, normalised by the total number of minimum-bias events and the mean nuclear thickness function, is measured as a function of dilepton rapidity and event centrality. The measurements in Pb+Pb collisions are compared with similar measurements made in proton–proton collisions at the same centre-of-mass energy. The nuclear modification factor is found to be consistent with unity for all centrality intervals. The results are compared with theoretical predictions obtained at next-to-leading order using nucleon and nuclear parton distribution functions. The normalised Z boson yields in Pb+Pb collisions lie 1–3σ above the predictions. The nuclear modification factor measured as a function of rapidity agrees with unity and is consistent with a next-to-leading-order QCD calculation including the isospin effect.