Inhibition of NF-κB signaling alters acute myelogenous leukemia cell transcriptomics
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionCells. 2020, 9 (7), 1677. 10.3390/cells9071677
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is an aggressive hematological malignancy. The pathophysiology of the disease depends on cytogenetic abnormalities, gene mutations, aberrant gene expressions, and altered epigenetic regulation. Although new pharmacological agents have emerged during the last years, the prognosis is still dismal and new therapeutic strategies are needed. The transcription factor nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is regarded a possible therapeutic target. In this study, we investigated the alterations in the global gene expression profile (GEP) in primary AML cells derived from 16 consecutive patients after exposure to the NF-κB inhibitor BMS-345541. We identified a profound and highly discriminative transcriptomic profile associated with NF-κB inhibition. Bioinformatical analyses identified cytokine/interleukin signaling, metabolic regulation, and nucleic acid binding/transcription among the major biological functions influenced by NF-κB inhibition. Furthermore, several key genes involved in leukemogenesis, among them RUNX1 and CEBPA, in addition to NFKB1 itself, were influenced by NF-κB inhibition. Finally, we identified a significant impact of NF-κB inhibition on the expression of genes included in a leukemic stem cell (LSC) signature, indicating possible targeting of LSCs. We conclude that NF-κB inhibition significantly altered the expression of genes central to the leukemic process.