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dc.contributor.authorBudroni, Alessandro
dc.contributor.authorPintore, Federico
dc.PublishedApplicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing. 2022, 33, 261-281.
dc.description.abstractWhen a pairing e:G1×G2→GT, on an elliptic curve E defined over a finite field Fq, is exploited for an identity-based protocol, there is often the need to hash binary strings into G1 and G2. Traditionally, if E admits a twist E~ of order d, then G1=E(Fq)∩E[r], where r is a prime integer, and G2=E~(Fqk/d)∩E~[r], where k is the embedding degree of E w.r.t. r. The standard approach for hashing into G2 is to map to a general point P∈E~(Fqk/d) and then multiply it by the cofactor c=#E~(Fqk/d)/r. Usually, the multiplication by c is computationally expensive. In order to speed up such a computation, two different methods—by Scott et al. (International conference on pairing-based cryptography. Springer, Berlin, pp 102–113, 2009) and by Fuentes-Castaneda et al. (International workshop on selected areas in cryptography)—have been proposed. In this paper we consider these two methods for BLS pairing-friendly curves having k∈{12,24,30,42,48}, providing efficiency comparisons. When k=42,48, the application of Fuentes et al. method requires expensive computations which were infeasible for the computational power at our disposal. For these cases, we propose hashing maps that we obtained following Fuentes et al. idea.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleEfficient hash maps to G2 on BLS curvesen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2020 The Authorsen_US
dc.source.journalApplicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computingen_US
dc.identifier.citationApplicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing. 2022, 33, 261-281.en_US

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