A New Family of APN Quadrinomials
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionIEEE Transactions on Information Theory. 2020, 66(11), 7081 - 7087 https://doi.org/10.1109/TIT.2020.3007513
The binomial B(x) = x 3 +βx 36 (where β is primitive in F 2 2) over F 2 10 is the first known example of an Almost Perfect Nonlinear (APN) function that is not CCZ-equivalent to a power function, and has remained unclassified into any infinite family of APN functions since its discovery in 2006. We generalize this binomial to an infinite family of APN quadrinomials of the form x 3 +a(x 2i+1 )2 k +bx 3·2m +c(x2 i+m+2m ) 2k from which B(x) can be obtained by setting a = β, b = c = 0, i = 3, k = 2. We show that for any dimension n = 2m with m odd and 3 + m,setting(a, b, c)=(β, β 2 , 1) and i =m -2 or i = (m - 2) -1 mod n yields an APN function, and verify that for n = 10 the quadrinomials obtained in this way for i = m - 2 and i = (m - 2) -1 mod n are CCZ-inequivalent to each other, to B(x), and to any other known APN function over F 2 10.