Overview of the Rocket Experiment for NeutralUpwelling Sounding Rocket 2 (RENU2)
Lessard, Marc R.; Fritz, Bruce; Sadler, Brent; Cohen, Ian J.; Kenward, David; Godbole, Niharika; Clemmons, James H.; Hecht, James H.; Lynch, Kristina A.; Harrington, Meghan; Roberts, Thomas M.; Hysell, David; Crowley, Geoff; Sigernes, Fred; Syrjäsuo, Mikko; Ellingsen, Pål Gunnar; Partamies, Noora; Moen, Jøran Idar; Clausen, Lasse Boy Novock; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Yeoman, Timothy
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionGeophysical Research Letters. 2020, 47(21), e2018GL081885 10.1029/2018GL081885
The Rocket Experiment for Neutral Upwelling 2 (RENU2) rocket was launched on 13 December 2015 at 07:34 UT. The payload transited the cusp region during a neutral upwelling event, supported by a comprehensive set of onboard and ground-based instrumentation. RENU2 data highlight two important processes. One is that a proper understanding of neutral upwelling by Poleward Moving Auroral Forms (PMAFs) requires a treatment that mimics the quasiperiodic passage of a sequence of PMAFs. As a PMAF reaches a flux tube, its physical consequences must be determined including the residual history of effects from previous passages, implying that understanding such a process requires an accounting of the system hysteresis. Second, RENU2 observations suggest that neutral density enhancements driven by precipitation and/or Joule heating can be highly structured in altitude and latitude. In addition, timescales involving neutral dynamics suggest that the structuring must be slowly changing, for example, over the course of 10 to tens of minutes.