A hospital based epidemiological study of genetically determined muscle disease in south western Norway
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonNeuromuscular Disorders. 2020, 30 (3), 181-185. 10.1016/j.nmd.2020.01.006
We determined the prevalence of genetically determined neuromuscular diseases in adult Norwegian patients from Hordaland County. We identified patients using International Classification of Disease codes registered in our hospital database and reviewed patient notes to ensure diagnostic accuracy. To ensure maximal ascertainment, we screened both inpatient and outpatient contacts from two 5-year periods 01.01.2005 to 31.12.2009 and 01.01.2008 to 01.01.2013, and used the second data set to define prevalence. Myotonic dystrophy was the commonest adult muscle disorder with a minimum prevalence of 11.84/100,000 followed by facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy at 6.42/100,000. Genetically confirmed limb-girdle muscular dystrophies had a prevalence of 4.2/100,000 with CAPN3 mutations being the commonest followed by mutations in ANO5 and FKRP. Becker muscular dystrophy was rare (0.4/100,000). For the purposes of comparison, we also ascertained adults with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and found a prevalence of 4.42/100,000. The impact of neuromuscular disease is enormous both for the patient and for society. Progressive weakness and increasing dependency together with pulmonary and cardiac complications require specialised, multidisciplinary follow up. The provision of such care places substantial demands on health service resources. Thus, precise understanding of both type of neuromuscular disease and numbers of patients is essential in order to manage individuals appropriately and plan future health service needs.