Ultrasound imaging for assessing functions of the GI tract
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionPhysiological Measurement. 2021, 42 (2), 024002. 10.1088/1361-6579/abdad7
Objective: In the following review we outline how ultrasound can be used to measure physiological processes in the gastrointestinal tract. Approach: We have investigated the potential of ultrasound in assessing gastrointestinal physiology including original research regarding both basic methodology and clinical applications. Main results: Our main findings show the use of ultrasound to study esophageal motility, measure volume and contractility of the stomach, assess motility, wall thickness, and perfusion of the small bowel, and evaluate wall vascularization and diameters of the large bowel. Significance: Ultrasound is a widely accessible technology that can be used for both scientific and clinical purposes. Being radiation-free and user friendly, the examination can be frequently repeated enabling longitudinal studies. Furthermore, it does not influence normal GI physiology, thus being useful to estimate motility and subtle changes in physiology. Accordingly, ultrasound scanning and physiological measurements may make a big difference for the scientist and the doctor; and for the patients who receive an efficient work-up.