Calibration of oxygen 1s ionization energies. Accurate energies for CO2, H2O, CO, and O2
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionJournal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena. 2021, 251, 147103. 10.1016/j.elspec.2021.147103
Access to accurate reference data is a prerequisite in order to translate chemical shifts to an absolute scale for inner-shell ionization energies. Calibration standards for oxygen 1s (O 1s) ionization energies are less well established than, for instance, for carbon 1s. To improve upon this situation, adiabatic and vertical O 1s ionization energies for gaseous carbon dioxide (CO2) are critically reviewed and used to establish the most accurate values currently available: 541.085(17) and 541.253(17) eV, respectively. Combining these with new precise measurements of shifts in O 1s ionization energies for H2O, CO, and O2 allows us to establish equally accurate absolute ionization energies for these molecules as for CO2. The resulting adiabatic and vertical energies are 539.728(17) and 539.827(17) eV for H2O, 542.439(17) and 542.495(17) eV for CO, 543.285(17) and 543.294(17) eV for O2 (4Σ final state), and 544.338(17) and 544.423(17) eV for O2 (2Σ final state). It is proposed that O 1s in CO2 be adopted as a standard of higher precedence, and that H2O, CO, and O2 be used also. The O 1s ionization energies in these molecules occur in the range 540–543 eV. These proposed standards should provide optimal internal calibration for a wide range of oxygen-containing compounds.